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Last edited 18 Jul 2022
A gridshell is normally a structure that acts in tension, a lattice frame work that is bent to form a shape. Initially these were typically geodesic domes with positive (synclastic) curves or hyperboloids with negative (anticlastic) curves, but now the term is used to describe any double curvature structures and often any free form shape. Well know gridshells have been constructed in both metal and timber as well as concrete with the use of complex formwork.
It is said that Russian engineer Vladimir Shukhov was one of the first proponents of the gridshell in the late 1800's, building towers from criss-crossing lines that formed hyperboloids, then in the 1920s, Walther Bauersfeld created one of the first geodesic domes as formwork for a planetarium in Germany, a form to be retrospectively popularised again later in the 1950's by Buckminster Fuller.
The first gridshell building to be built in the UK was made from double latticed green timber, built in 2002 by Buro Happold and Edward Cullinan Architects as an open space for workshops and restoration as part of the Weald & Downland Open Air Museum.
- Braced frame.
- Bridge construction.
- Balloon framing.
- Concrete frame.
- Domestic roofs.
- Hammerbeam roof.
- Long span roof.
- Pitched roof.
- Portal frame.
- Space frame.
- Structural steelwork.
- Skeleton frame.
- Steel frame.
- Timber engineered structural frames.
- Timber roof.
- Timber framed buildings and fire.
- Timber post and beam construction.
- Timber preservation.
- Types of frame.
- Types of timber.
- Types of roof.
- Types of structural load.
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