- Project plans
- Project activities
- Legislation and standards
- Industry context
- Specialist wikis
Last edited 04 Jan 2022
A house is a building that functions as a type of dwelling (or domestic building) used for residential purposes, i.e. as a place of permanent or semi-permanent habitation. House style and design can range from simple huts or shacks in places like shanty towns and favelas, to multi-storey mansions containing a huge variety of amenities and services.
The social unit that lives in a house is known as a household. According to the Household Projections: England prepared by the Department for Communities and Local Government, a household, as defined in the 2011 Census is; ‘one person living alone; or a group of people (not necessarily related) living at the same address who share cooking facilities and share a living room or sitting room or dining area’.
Conventional modern houses tend to contain the following:
- One or more bedrooms.
- Living room.
- Dining room.
- Building services such as plumbing, ventilation, heating, electricity, security, and so on.
There are a number of different types of house, including:
- A-frame house.
- Double fronted house.
Traditionally, houses are built speculatively by a developer (or housebuilder), and people then buy them and move in. Homebuyers typically require a mortgage to enable them to purchase a house. This is a loan ‘secured’ against the value of the house until it is paid off over several years. There is often a sequence of homebuyers and sellers whose transactions are dependent on one another. This is known as a property chain.
Houses can also be self-built, which is where the prospective homeowner instigates the development of the house themselves, whether by purchasing a kit house, employing a design and build contractor, employing consultants (such as an architect) and a contractor, or managing the entire process and ordering all the goods and services required themselves. However, self-building does not necessarily mean that the physical construction is undertaken by the homeowner.
Houses are the main asset that is bought and sold on the housing market which follows the economic principles of supply and demand. When the production of housing outpaces the demand there is a housing surplus. When housing production falls behind demand there is a housing shortage.
Since houses produce significant carbon emissions, there has been a strong emphasis in recent years on increasing their energy efficiency , both in terms of the way new-builds are constructed and the way existing houses are retrofitted. Various initiatives have been developed such as zero carbon homes, the Code for Sustainable Homes, Passivhaus and so on.
- Affordable housing.
- British post-war mass housing.
- Domestic building.
- Flat definition.
- Home ownership.
- Housing associations.
- Housing benefit.
- Housing Capacity Study.
- Housing costs.
- Housing Delivery Test.
- Housing shortage.
- Housing standards review.
- Housing white paper 2017.
- Local housing need.
- Minimum space standards.
- Residential definition.
- Smart home.
- The future of housing.
- Types of dwelling.
Featured articles and news
A brief description of time in the sun.
Given by ICE President Ed McCann.
Two new research reports published by APM.
50% off APM Associate membership for Designing Buildings users.
A commentary from the insurance perspective.
In brief with further links.
A definitive book on a pioneer of green architecture.
Using heritage as a catalyst for reviving historic centres.
Declaration prioritising sustainable urbanisation adopted.
Some brief words about the actuator.
After 34 years at the Institute.
To support the next generation of engineers.
CIAT reporting from the Competition and Markets Authority.
Making sustainable construction number one priority.
Interview with ECA CEO.
Many provisions came into force on June 28, 2022.
With room to expand.
Refurbishment, Energy Efficiency, Indoor air and process.
Aluminium Composite Panels (ACP) is one example.
Write about something you know, help us build and grow !