Last edited 11 Nov 2020

Residential definition

Approved document B, Fire Safety, Volume 2 – Buildings other than dwellinghouses, includes classifications of purpose groups for which buildings or compartments of a building are intended to be used.

It defines residential purpose groups as:

Residential (dwellings):

Residential (Institutional): Hospital, home, school or other similar establishment, where people sleep on the premises. The building may be either of the following:

  1. People suffering from disabilities due to illness or old age or other physical or mental incapacity
  2. People under the age of 5 years.
  • A place of lawful detention.

Residential (other): Hotel, boarding house, residential college, hall of residence, hostel or any other residential purpose not described above.

NB The Scottish Building Standards, Part I. Technical Handbook – Domestic, Appendix A Defined Terms, defines a residential building as: ‘…a building, other than a domestic building, having sleeping accommodation.’

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