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Last edited 20 Nov 2020
A company is a legally-recognised group or association of people who have a common goal and who use their respective talents to achieve that goal. In the UK, companies must be registered under the Companies Acts (or other similar legislation).
Companies can take various forms, including:
- Voluntary organisations
- Private limited companies
- Public limited companies
- Limited liability companies.
- Unlimited companies.
- Workers cooperatives
In the UK, when a company’s name is followed by the letters ‘Ltd’, it denotes that the company is a private limited company. In other words, in the event of the company being liable say, for a misdemeanour or economic misadventure, the shareholders or subscribers of that company are liable only for the amount of their investment or what they have guaranteed to the company, ie, they have limited liability. For example, if an investor owns £10,000 worth of shares and the company becomes bankrupt (or ‘goes bust’), the investor is only liable for the value of the shares even if the company’s debts run into millions.
If a limited company is guaranteed by shares (as opposed to limited by guarantee), it may be a private or public company. A private company limited by shares is denoted by Ltd; a public company limited by shares is denoted by PLC (or Plc) after its name. In a Plc, the shares are available to be purchased by the public.
Suffixes used in various countries to denote whether a company is public or private:
|Country||Public limited company||Private limited company|
|Greece||S.A (AE in Greek)||EPE|
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- Business model.
- Cash flow.
- Joint venture.
- Limited liability partnership.
- Limited company.
- Managing the procurement process.
- Partnering and joint ventures.
- Personal service company.
- Private sector.
- Relevant cost.
- Special purpose vehicles.
- Succession planning.
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