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Last edited 30 Apr 2018
- The surface of glazing (except glazing in doors).
- Any part of a ceiling which slopes at an angle of more than 70º to the horizontal.
But a wall does not include:
- Doors and door frames.
- Window frames and frames in which glazing is fitted.
- Architraves, cover moulds, picture rails, skirtings and similar narrow members.
- Fireplace surrounds, mantle shelves and fitted furniture.
For more information, see What are walls made of?
A wall constructed from two skins of masonry, the outer skin of which can be brickwork or blockwork and the inner skin of which is generally of blockwork, separated by a cavity to prevent the penetration of moisture and to allow for the installation of thermal insulation.
See Curtain wall for more information.
A dwarf wall is the term used to refer to a low wall that is often used as a garden wall, fence or as the base of a conservatory or porch structure. Generally, it can be applied to any wall that is less than one-storey in height, but typically they are less than a metre tall.
For more information, see Dwarf wall.
A wall forming the external enclosure of a building, including part of a roof pitched at an angle of more than 70° to the horizontal, if that part of the roof adjoins a space within the building to which persons have access (but not access only for repair or maintenance).
See Green walls for more information.
 Internal load-bearing wall
See Load-bearing wall for more information.
See Partition wall for more information.
See Party wall for more information.
See for example: Secant pile wall.
A wall comprising an outer skin of panels and an airtight insulated backing wall separated by a ventilated cavity. Some water may penetrate into the cavity but the rainscreen is intended to provide protection from direct rain.
See Rainscreen for more information.
See Trombe wall for more information.
 Find out more
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- Barrier wall system.
- Building fabric.
- Crosswall construction.
- Curtain wall.
- Diaphragm wall.
- Dwarf wall.
- Floor definition.
- Infill panel walls.
- Load-bearing wall.
- Partition wall.
- Party wall.
- Preventing wall collapse.
- Raised floor.
- Rubble masonry.
- Suspended ceiling.
- Trombe wall.
- Types of structure.
- Wall ties.
- Weep hole.
- What are walls made of?
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