- Project plans
- Project activities
- Legislation and standards
- Industry context
Last edited 17 Nov 2019
Types of structure
Within the context of the built environment, the term ‘structure’ refers to anything that is constructed or built from interrelated parts with a fixed location on the ground. This includes buildings, but can refer to any body that is designed to bear loads, even if it is not intended to be occupied by people (engineers sometimes refer to these as 'non-building' structures – such as bridges, tunnels, and so on).
- Aqueducts and viaducts.
- Cooling towers and chimneys.
- Retaining walls.
- Coastal defences.
- One-dimensional: Ropes, cables, struts, columns, beams, arches.
- Two-dimensional: Membranes, plates, slabs, shells, vaults, domes, synclastic, anticlastic.
- Three-dimensional: Solid masses.
- Composite. A combination of the above.
- Metal: Steel, aluminium and so on.
- Masonry: Brick, block, stone and so on.
- Shell and core.
- Structural frame.
- Wall: loadbearing walls, compartment walls, external walls, retaining walls.
Overall building form:
- High rise.
- Hyperbolic paraboloid.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- Civil engineer.
- Coping and capping
- Elements of structure in buildings
- Institution of Civil Engineers.
- Institution of Structural Engineers IStructE.
- New build.
- Structural engineer.
- Structural principles.
- The development of structural membranes.
- Types of beam.
- Types of building.
- Types of column.
- Types of wall.
- Types of structural load.
Featured articles and news
Full of passion and acerbic wit. 1 min book review.
Reminding us what is possible.
Five signs you are at risk.
Biotechnology as it applies to the built environment.
Stopping sound coming through windows.
Government response to the Building a Safer Future consultation.
Energy savings quickly payback any small additional capital investment.
Overbuild and air-space developments.
Airports National Policy Statement and its impact on infrastructure.
Organisations will collaborate on infrastructure initiatives.
Technology informs procurement and planning practices.