The term ‘Groundscraper’ can be used to refer to a building that extends horizontally over a large distance while only being of a low to medium height. The term can also be used, along with ‘earthscraper’, to describe buildings that are constructed below ground level.
One of the early instances of a building being labeled a groundscraper was the 1930s Merchandise Mart in Chicago, which, having a 372,000 sq m floor area was almost 50% bigger than the Empire State Building.
There are several notable groundscraper projects:
 New Century Global Centre, Chengdu, China
With 1.7 million sq m of floor area, this multi-purpose shopping mall is the world’s largest building in terms of floor space.
 Intercontinental Shimao Shanghai Wonderland, China
This hotel complex is the first to be built below ground level, descending by 19 storeys into a disused quarry.
 The Pentagon, Arlington County, USA
One of the largest and most famous groundscraper buildings, this military complex has around 600,000 sq m of floor space.
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