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Last edited 03 Mar 2021
Green rating systems
Construction has both direct and indirect environmental impacts. As a result, a large number of 'green' rating systems have been established to help mitigate these impacts through the encouragement, measurement and recognition of sustainability performance.
BRE’s rating system, BREEAM, was the UK’s first green rating system, launched in the 1990s, followed by the US’ Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) rating system in 2000. It is now thought that there are around 600 green certification systems worldwide.
Rating systems measure relative levels of compliance or performance with goals and requirements; generally, the aim is to create projects that are environmentally responsible and use resources efficiently throughout the project lifecycle.
The benefits of using a green rating system include:
- Environmental aspirations can be set.
- Clear goals can be worked towards.
- Environmental performance can be verified.
- Environmental performance can be demonstrated to third parties.
- Improvement can be measured and demonstrated.
- Green education can be facilitated and encouraged.
- Positive marketing can be generated.
Some of the most commonly-used green rating systems include the following:
|BUILDING RATING OR CERTIFICATION SYSTEM||TYPE OF STANDARD OR CERTIFICATION||MANAGING ORGANISATION||ISSUES/AREAS OF FOCUS|
|BCA Green Mark Scheme (Singapore)||Benchmarking scheme that aims to achieve a sustainable built environment by incorporating best practices in environmental design and construction, and the adoption of green building technologies.||Building and Construction Authority (BCA)||
4 Environmental protection.
1. New construction.
3. In-use buildings.
8. Management processes.
2. New construction.
3. Existing building.
|JSBC (Japan Sustainable Building Consortium) and affiliated sub-committees||
3. Local environment.
|CEEQUAL||Delivering improved specification, design and construction of civil engineering works, providing an evidence-based sustainability assessment, rating and awards scheme.||BRE Global||
1 Project/Contract Strategy.
2 Project/Contract Management.
3 People & Communities.
5 The Historic Environment.
|Code for Sustainable Homes||A method for assessing and certifying the sustainable design and construction of new homes.||BRE||
|EDGE||A universal standard and a certification system for residential and commercial structures.||International Finance Corporation (IFC).||
|Energy Star (USA)||Government certification using a benchmarking method.||U.S. EPA and U.S. DOE.||Building energy and water use.|
|Green Globes (USA)||
1 Existing buildings.
2 New construction.
|Green Building Initiative in the U.S.BOMA Canada.||
|Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) (USA)||
1 New Construction (NC).
3 Commercial Interiors (CI).
5 Schools (SCH).
7 Healthcare (HC).
9 Neighborhood Development (ND).
|U.S. Green Building Council||
2 Energy & atmosphere.
5 Locations & linkages.
6 Awareness & education.
|Living Building Challenge (USA)||International Living Future Institute||
|Passivhaus||An energy performance standard for dwellings, commercial, industrial and public buildings.||Passivhaus-Institut||
3 Night purging.
8 Avoidance of thermal bridges.
9 Passive solar gains.
10 Exploitation of internal heat sources.
|Pearl Rating System for Estidama (UAE)||
4 Temporary villas and buildings.
|Abu Dhabi Urban Planning Council||
1 Integrated development process.
2 Natural systems.
3 Livable communities.
4 Precious water.
5 Resourceful energy.
6 Stewarding materials.
7 Innovating practice.
|Ska Rating||Environmental assessment method, benchmark and standard for non-domestic fit-outs.||Royal Institute of Chartered Surveyors (RICS)||
The Ska assessment process is broken into three stages:
|WELL Building Standard (USA)||
1 New and existing interiors.
3 Education facilities.
5 Commercial kitchen.
|Administered by the International WELL Building Institute™ (IWBI)||Measures attributes of buildings that impact occupant health by looking at seven factors: air, water, nourishment, light, fitness, comfort, mind.|
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- Active House.
- Blue Angel ecolabel.
- BREEAM, LEED or WELL.
- BREEAM performance targets
- Building performance metrics.
- Display energy certificate.
- Do green buildings pay?
- Energy certificates for buildings.
- Energy Performance of Buildings Directive.
- Energy related products regulations.
- Energy targets.
- Global Ecolabelling Network.
- Green building.
- GREENGUARD Certification.
- Green Seal.
- Living Standard.
- Moving towards green residential buildings.
- NABERS UK.
- Performance gap.
- Total Resource Use and Efficiency TRUE.
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