'Building technology' refers to the technical processes and methods for constructing buildings. This has become an increasingly important aspect of the construction industry, as buildings have moved from being evolutions of standard types to becoming one-off prototypes, building performance requirements have become more demanding, and the number of products and specialist suppliers has increased.
Buildings are now constructed from a bewildering array of interrelated systems and assemblies that must work together to deliver the required standard of performance. This requires the collaborative work of client, consultants, suppliers and contractors to properly prepare planning applications, building regulations submissions, submissions for programmes such as BREEAM, construction documentation, operation and maintenance manuals and so on.
Building technology encompasses; materials and their applications, physical properties, capacities and vulnerabilities; the functioning of components and systems; the principles, procedures and details of building assembly; operating strategies and so on.
In its widest sense, it can be considered to cover any skilled area related to the construction of buildings, such as:
- Site investigations and surveying.
- Construction materials, components, systems and techniques.
- Building services.
- Operation and maintenance.
- Energy supply and efficiency.
- Structural systems.
- Smart technology.
- Waste water and water management.
- Building engineering physics.
- Building science.
- Modelling and assessment.
- Collaborative practices.
- Research, development and innovation.
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