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- Legislation and standards
- Industry context
Last edited 15 May 2020
Domestic windows are commonly made from timber, uPVC, aluminium. They are available in a wide range of colours and finishes and can be purchased off the shelf in standard sizes or can be made to measure.
The BFRC Window Energy Rating (WER) scheme is based on a traffic-light style A-G ratings system for energy efficiency similar to that used for fridges, washing machines, cookers and so on. An A rating indicates a good level of energy efficiency, whilst G is the lowest possible rating.
Bay windows are multi-panel windows that project in front of the external wall line, supported by a sill height wall. Bow windows are a curved variation. They are typically used in communal rooms such as the living room, dining room, kitchen, and so on.
As they generally protrude from the exterior of the house, they have the advantage of providing more interior space. Generally, they comprise a stationary window in the middle which is flanked by either double-hung windows or casements.
Also known as a fixed light window, this type of window is fixed in place and cannot be opened. They are often used where light or vision alone is required rather than ventilation, but they are commonly used in conjunction with other openable types of window.
This is a horizontal window that is commonly mounted above a door or another window to let in more light. It can either be stationary or operational, meaning that it can be opened to allow ventilation.
This type of window is hinged at the top and can be opened outwards, allowing ventilation. They are often installed above, below or alongside a stationary or operating window. They are typically found in bedrooms and bathrooms, where privacy is required as well as adequate light and air.
A dome light, lantern light, skylight, ridge light, glazed barrel vault or other element intended to admit daylight through a roof, and installed on an upstand so that it is not in the same plane as the surrounding roof.
 Roof window.
A roof window is a window installed in the same plane as the surrounding roof, with a minimum pitch of 15 degrees. This is as opposed to a rooflight which is installed on an upstand, and so is not in the same plane as the surrounding roof.
Other types of domestic window include:
- Secondary glazing.
- Tilt and turn.
- Tilt and slide.
- Stained glass.
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