This article needs more work. To help develop this article, click 'Edit this article' above.
It is very important at the outset of any project to decide on what you want. Some of the most important aspects of a building are often considered so late in the design process that they cannot be incorporated properly. This is particularly true of insulation and this translates into target U-values which in turn translate into wall thicknesses and can preclude some design features. The target U-values should be clearly set as should air tightness targets. So often the minimum standards that are allowed by the building regulations are taken on as acceptable; yet within a very few years these have changed. A U-values of as close to 0.1 and airtightness of less than one would both be good to aim at.
Featured articles and news
Built over a period of 632 years, Cologne Cathedral is considered one of the world's finest examples of Gothic architecture.
UandI adds £1.5bn to development pipeline.
Here are 5 things leaders can do to create a truly circular economy.
Find out about the different types of delays on construction projects.
Researchers at Wien university have developed new system to create an inflatable concrete structure.
ICE responds to the first consultation on the government's industrial strategy post-Brexit.
Take a look at this newly-opened tower in Chicago with a remarkable 20:1 height-to-base ratio.
An Arc de Triomphe for the late-20th century, the La Grande Arche of Paris.
Richard Hayward of Legrand asks whether technology could help developers meet the needs of an increasingly diverse population.
The principles, practice and formwork of one of the most important components of modern architecture.