- Project plans
- Project activities
- Legislation and standards
- Industry context
Last edited 15 Nov 2018
A manufacturer is an organisation or business that produces goods to sell them to a customer. Manufacturers transform raw materials, components, assemblies, and so on, into finished products, often involving processes organised into a production line.
Manufacturing operations tend to utilise one of the following types of production:
- Make-to-stock (MTS): Goods are produced by predicting the market and producing regardless of orders being received. There is the risk that producing too much will result in needing to sell any surplus at a loss, whereas producing too little will result in not selling enough to maximise profit or even cover operating costs.
- Make-to-order (MTO): Goods are produced when orders are received, making it easier to control inventory. However, this can result in longer waiting times for clients, and a steady stream of orders is required otherwise production will stop.
- Make-to-assemble (MTA): Component parts are produced in anticipation of orders for assembly. This means the manufacturer is ready to fulfil orders, but can result in a backlog of parts that are waiting to be used if demand is slower than anticipated.
Testing and certification can be used to verify quality.
Manufacturers must adhere to certain standards and regulations when producing their goods. For example, the Eco-Design for Energy-Related Products Regulations 2010 requires manufacturers to achieve minimum standards for the amount of energy regulated products consume. A declaration of conformity must be drawn up by the manufacturer or importer and the CE mark applied.
Designing Buildings Wiki has a range of articles relating to manufacturing, including:
- 3D printing in construction.
- Advanced manufacturing.
- British Standards Institution BSI.
- Buildability in construction.
- Building information modelling and its effect on computer aided manufacture in the UK construction industry.
- Circular economy.
- Computer aided manufacturing CAM.
- Demand for Off-Site Construction Continues to Increase in the UK’s Manufacturing Sector.
- How Computer Aided Manufacturing is Changing the World.
- Intelligent building management systems IBMS.
- Intermediate product.
- Lean construction.
- Life cycle assessment.
- Manufacturing better buildings.
- Mean lean green.
- Modern methods of construction.
- Offsite manufacturing.
- Offsite manufacturing and standardised design.
- Product transparency declaration.
- Purchase orders.
- Quality control for construction works.
- Virtual reality and manufacturing.
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