The circular economy is a concept in which everything is engineered to be constantly reused or recycled. It requires rethinking of design, manufacturing, selling, re-using, recycling and consumer ownership to keep resources in use for as long as possible and to extract maximum value.
'Business as usual' sees contractors and the supply chain following the waste hierarchy; reduce, reuse and recycle, to a greater or lesser extent. But the concept of the circular economy goes beyond the 3 R's and aims to maximise total material resource efficiency.
There is massive economic advantage for businesses adopting a circular economy. The UK Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) calculates profit of up to £23 billion per year for UK businesses through low cost or no cost improvements and McKinsey estimates a global value of $3.7 trillion per year (ref. WRAP).
 Useful references
- Practical application of circular economy principles for structural engineers
- Applying circular principles to the design process for structural engineers
- Circular Construction.
- 5 things leaders can do to create a truly circular economy.
- A social, circular economy.
- Blockchains will change construction.
- BREEAM Construction waste management.
- Building Back Better: Circularity and BREEAM.
- Building back better with BREEAM.
- Building Revolutions - review.
- Cement and concrete companies release 2050 Climate Ambition.
- Circular economy models.
- Circular economy - transforming the worlds number one consumer of raw materials.
- Construction waste.
- Cradle to cradle product registry system.
- Design for deconstruction.
- Economic sustainability.
- End of life potential.
- England metro mayors work to deliver ambitious climate action.
- Examining the 2021 construction materials shortage.
- Green supply chain management.
- Impact of the sharing economy on construction craft labour and equipment markets.
- Life cycle.
- Products as a Service PaaS.
- Quantification of construction materials in existing buildings (material intensity).
- ReCon Soil project.
- Recyclable construction materials.
- Reduce, reuse, recycle.
- Renewable energy.
- Reused construction products.
- Sustainable materials.
- Waste management plan.
- Waste management plan for England.
About the wiki
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 Who is this wiki for?
The articles contain information on implementing circular economy approaches in construction that could be relevant to:
- Construction contractors
- Developers, owners, investors
- Manufacturers and supplier
- Universities and research
- Urban planners
 About CIRCuIT
The Circular Economy wiki is supported by the Circular Construction in Regenerative Cities (CIRCuIT) project, which is funded by the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme. CIRCuIT is a collaborative project involving 31 ambitious partners across the entire built environment chain in Copenhagen, Hamburg, Helsinki Region and Greater London. Through a series of demonstrations, case studies, events and dissemination activities, the project will showcase how circular construction practices can be scaled and replicated across Europe to enable sustainable building in cities and the transition to a circular economy on a wider scale.