- Project plans
- Project activities
- Legislation and standards
- Industry context
Last edited 03 Dec 2018
See also: Types of dwelling
 Approved document B definition
A unit of residential accommodation occupied (whether or not as a sole or main residence):
- By a single person or by people living together as a family.
- By not more than six residents living together as a single household, including a household where care is provided for residents.
 Approved document L1A definition
‘...a self-contained unit designed to accommodate a single household.‘
 Approved document M2 definition
'...a house or a flat. However, new blocks of flats built as student accommodation are to be treated as though they are hotel/motel accommodation in respect of space requirements and internal facilities.'
The 2001 Census definition of a dwelling is:
'a self-contained unit of accommodation. Self-containment is where all the rooms (including kitchen, bathroom and toilet) in a household’s accommodation are behind a single door which only that household can use. Non-self contained household spaces at the same address should be counted together as a single dwelling. Therefore a dwelling can consist of one self-contained household space or two or more non-self-contained household spaces at the same address.
'Ancillary dwellings (eg former ‘granny annexes’) are included provided they are self-contained, pay separate council tax from the main residence, do not share access with the main residence (eg a shared hallway) and there are no conditional restrictions on occupancy.'
For more information see: Gov.uk, Definitions of general housing terms.
The English Housing Survey Housing Stock Report, 2014-15, prepared by the Department of Communities and Local Government, defines a dwelling as:
- The household spaces it contains are ‘part of a converted or shared house’, or
- Not all of the rooms (including kitchen, bathroom and toilet, if any) are behind a door that only that household can use, and
- There is at least one other such household space at the same address with which it can be combined to form the shared dwelling.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- Approved documents.
- Definition of institution.
- Domestic building.
- Flat definition.
- Original dwellinghouse.
- Residential definition.
- Room for residential purposes.
- Sheltered housing definition.
- Shop definition.
- Student bedsits and separate dwellings.
- Terraced house.
- Types of building.
- Types of dwelling.
- Use class.
- Use of railway carriages as holiday homes and permanent housing.
- Workplace definition.
Featured articles and news
From frost damage to sulphate attack, common causes of defects in brickwork.
Precautions to take when making advance payments.
Helping communities recover from disasters and protecting them before they occur.
Instrumentation for critical healthcare environments.
Case study in the use of soft landings at the University of the West of England.
Richard Rogers wins is the AIA’s highest annual honour.
A quick introduction to a healthier and more sustainable form of construction.
The structural feasibility of modular high-rise buildings.
BRE conference on ways of providing and maintaining quality indoor environments.
CDBB publish foundational definitions and values to guide the development of the National Digital Twin.
Despite the reduction in staffing, most users remain satisfied with the service.
We run through the top 37 styles in history - but how many would you recognise?