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Last edited 07 Jun 2019
The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005
It was intended to “...reduce burdens on business that are caused by the existence of multiple, overlapping general fire safety regimes – and consequently overlap of the responsibilities of enforcing authorities.... consolidate and rationalise much existing fire safety legislation (and) reduce the number of enforcing authorities dealing with general fire safety matters.”
The law applies to; commercial businesses, shops, offices, care facilities, factories, warehouses, community halls, schools, pubs, restaurants, hostels, hotels, and any person who is responsible for the common areas of multi-family housing units. If you are self employed and use a building including your own home for your business, it applies to you and your home. Also, charity organisations are included, and if you are a contractor and have even temporary control over a building or structure you can be deemed responsible for that structure.
The Order requires that a responsible person (the person having control of the building, or a degree of control) takes reasonable steps to reduce the risk from fire and makes sure people can safely escape if there is a fire. This includes all people that might visit the premises. For more information, see Responsible person under the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005.
- Identifying fire hazards.
- Considering who may be at risk.
- Eliminating or reducing risk where reasonably possible.
- Providing fire precautions to deal with remaining risk.
- Taking special precautions where there are flammable or explosive materials.
- Recording major findings of the risk assessment and the action taken. This will include informing and instructing relevant people, providing training and creating an emergency plan.
- Reviewing the findings regularly and when necessary.
Fire authorities no longer issue fire certificates. However, they remain the main agency responsible for enforcement, carrying out inspections, assessing complaints and undertaking investigations. They have the power to offer advice, issue formal notices, and prevent premises from being used for certain purposes. They may issue alterations notices for high risk premises, requiring that they are informed if certain alterations are planned to the premises.
A review of the Order published by the Department for Business Innovation & Skills in 2013, Enforcement of the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005, found that the need for the Order was generally understood, however:
- There is considerable discretion as to how each fire authority approaches its duties, leading to frustrating inconsistencies.
- There is a strong sense that fire protection departments are given less prominence than operational fire-fighters or community safety teams.
- Many small businesses are not aware of their specific responsibilities under the changes made to the legislation.
On 6 June 2019, following the Grenfell Tower fire, the Home Office issued a call for evidence on the Fire Safety Order seeking views on its effectiveness and application to provide a regulatory framework for the ongoing management of fire safety in non-domestic premises and the common parts of multi-occupied residential buildings.
The consultation closes on 31 July 2019.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- Building regulations.
- Fire and rescue service.
- Fire authority.
- Fire damper.
- Fire detection and alarm system.
- Fire Door Inspection Scheme.
- Fire inspector.
- Fire Prevention on Construction Sites.
- Fire protection engineering.
- Fire safety design.
- Health and safety executive.
- International Fire Safety Standards Coalition (IFSS).
- Joint fire code.
- Managing fire risk in commercial buildings: A guide for facilities managers.
- Responsible person under the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005.
- The need for company fire risk assessments.
- Visual alarm devices - their effectiveness in warning of fire.
 External references
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