Last edited 31 Mar 2021

Joint fire code

The term 'Joint Fire Code' refers to Fire Prevention on Construction Sites: The Joint Fire Code published by the Fire Protection Association (FPA) and the RISCAuthority.

Construction sites are particularly vulnerable to fire. The losses that follow can be high, in economic terms as well as through delays, injury or loss of life. In the 1980s, insurers were beginning to question whether it was commercially viable to continue insuring construction sites. In 1992, the Joint Fire Code was first published, providing guidance on fire safety on site as well as the prevention and detection of fire.

The Joint Fire Code was widely welcomed and supported across the industry, both by designers, contractors and insurers. It is supported by the Association of British Insurers, the Chief Fire Officer Association and the Contractor's Legal Group, and is endorsed by institutions such as the RIBA, ICE, and HBF. There is now also close liaison with the Health and Safety Executive to ensure the code is aligned with HSG 168 Fire Safety in Construction Work.

The Joint Fire Code covers activities through all stages of design, procurement and construction. Generally it applies to contracts with a value of more than £2.5million, but it can also apply to lower value contracts which are considered to be high risk or which form part of larger projects.

The code describes '...a series of simple precautions and safe working practices (to) ensure that adequate detection and prevention measures are incorporated during the design and planning stages and that work on a site is undertaken to the highest standard of fire safety.'

The code is accompanied by the Construction Site Fire Prevention Checklist, which is in the form of a series of questions, responses to which can be used to create a record of compliance with the code.

Since its first publication in 1992, incidents of fire on site have reduced significantly.

On some construction contracts, the parties will be required to indicate whether the code applies (and whether the project is a 'large project' with a value of £20 million or more). Compliance with the code may also be a requirement of some insurance policies.

Requiring compliance with the code in a construction contract can lead to a reduction in insurance premiums, however, failure to comply with the code could then result in the withdrawal of insurance which might be considered a breach of contract.

In May 2009, significant changes were made to the Joint Fire Code in its seventh edition, including:

The eighth edition, a 'combo' edition included the fire prevention checklist. Other changes included:

The most recent edition, the ninth edition, launched in 2015 includes:

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