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Last edited 29 Nov 2021
The term 'timber frame' typically describes a system of panelised structural walls and floors constructed from small section timber studs, clad with board products, in which the timber frame transmits vertical and horizontal loads to the foundations. It is generally not used to refer to timber post and beam structures or to timber engineered structural frames.
Timber frames can be the most suitable choice if the structural shell is required quickly, if the ground conditions are particularly poor, or if the design does not include very large structural spans. For more information, see Advantages and disadvantages of timber frame buildings
There are a number of ways developing timber frame structures:
- A commonly-used method for constructing timber frames is the platform frame, in which each storey is formed by floor-to-ceiling timber panels and a floor deck which then becomes the platform for constructing the next storey.
- The engineered stud method with the installation of insulation between the load-bearing timber studs.
- The twin stud method involves two timber frame stud walls, positioned parallel to one another, (sometimes with only one carrying the vertical load), with an insulated cavity separating them.
- Structural insulated panels (SIPs) take the form of an insulating core sandwiched between two structural facings. In the UK, the mainstream suppliers typically use the same structural facing – oriented strand board (OSB). For more information see Structural insulated panels.
- Cross-laminated timber (CLT) building systems. See Cross-laminated timber for more information.
NB The role of Standards in offsite construction, A review of existing practice and future need, published by BSi in 2019, states: ‘Timber frame building can consist of wall panels, alongside floor and roof panels – often referred to as cassettes. These can also be open panel or closed panel. Open panels are timber frame wall panels, comprising studs, rails and sheathing on one face and a breather membrane. Closed panels also include linings on the faces of the panel, a vapour barrier and breather membrane. Closed panels may also include fitted windows, openings for doors and service routes. Manufactured in factory conditions, these cassettes and panels are brought to site and fixed together to form a rigid load-bearing superstructure. These consist of timber studs and beams, stiffened on one side with oriented strand board (OSB) and plasterboard.’
- Advantages and disadvantages of timber frame buildings.
- Aurora Log Homes.
- Balloon framing.
- Concrete frame.
- Delivering sustainable low energy housing with softwood timber frame.
- Open panel timber frame.
- Sacrificial timber.
- Skeleton frame.
- Steel frame.
- Testing timber.
- Timber roof.
- Timber framed buildings and fire.
- Timber post and beam construction.
- Timber preservation.
- Types of frame.
- Types of timber.
- Village homes in Western Uganda.
- Wood and climate change in 2021.
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