Last edited 07 Apr 2021

Timber frame

The term 'timber frame' typically describes a system of panelised structural walls and floors constructed from small section timber studs, clad with board products, in which the timber frame transmits vertical and horizontal loads to the foundations. It is generally not used to refer to timber post and beam structures or to timber engineered structural frames.

Timber frames can be the most suitable choice if the structural shell is required quickly, if the ground conditions are particularly poor, or if the design does not include very large structural spans. For more information, see Advantages and disadvantages of timber frame buildings

There are a number of ways developing timber frame structures:

Fire resistance can be enhanced by internal linings, such as plasterboard, and cavity barriers which prevent fire from entering the cavity. For more information, see Timber framed buildings and fire.

Timber elements can also be oversized to aid fire resistance. For more information, see Sacrificial timber.

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