- Project plans
- Project activities
- Legislation and standards
- Industry context
Last edited 23 Aug 2018
The term ‘building site’ is often used interchangeably with construction site, although this tends to indicate that building/s (and sometimes, more specifically, housing) are being constructed, whereas the term ‘construction site’ can refer to all types of works, such as road construction, sewer construction, landscaping, and so on.
Typically, land will become a construction site when it is handed over to a contractor to begin the construction works. Regulation 6 of the CDM regulations requires that notice is given to the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) as soon as is practicable before the construction phase begins. On projects involving more than one contractor, the CDM regulations also require that the client appoints a principal contractor to co-ordinate the construction phase.
In the first phase of the works, construction may be restricted to preliminary activities such as; securing the site, site clearance, setting up site facilities, demolition, groundworks and so on. It is often apparent that a site has become a construction site when hoarding is erected to secure its perimeter.
It is relatively common for sites to remain in this 'prepared' condition for some time with little evidence of further construction works being undertaken. This may be due to complexities in securing all the land required, obtaining permissions, securing all the funding required, complex ground works, ongoing design and so on. This can leave developers open to accusations of landbanking.
Once above ground works begin, construction sites may appear to progress relatively quickly as structural frames grow and cladding is installed. They may then appear to slow again as internal fit outs are undertaken and finishing work is carried out.
Typically, a construction site will revert to being a non-construction site when it is handed back to the client on certification of practical completion. However, there may be ongoing minor works required to rectify any defects that become apparent.
On Designing Buildings Wiki, there is a range of useful information relating to construction sites, including:
- Access to construction sites.
- Complaining about construction sites.
- Condition survey.
- Ground conditions.
- Handover construction site to the client.
- Handover to the contractor.
- How to work safely on a construction site in the dark.
- How to work safely on a construction site in winter.
- Injuries on construction sites.
- Lighting of construction sites.
- Notifiable project F10 form.
- Perimeter security.
- Reporting accidents and injuries on construction sites.
- Site appraisals.
- Site area.
- Site facilities.
- Site induction.
- Site layout plan.
- Site office.
- Site plan.
- Site storage.
- Site survey.
- Temporary site services.
Featured articles and news
Have the pressures of the market shredded the core values of professionalism?
Lead times are a measure of the amount of time that elapses between initiating and completing a construction process.
Government releases first tranche of funding for removal of unsafe high-rise cladding.
How to ensure UK transport infrastructure copes with severe winter weather.
Location shortlist for controversial new footbridge revealed.
Under the Party Wall Act a property owner has the legal right to do works that might otherwise constitute trespass or nuisance.
BSRIA examine the 'unpredictable' 2018 global air conditioning market.
ICE publish new report calling for new sector-wide body to help avert structural failures.
The rainbow JCB will be making a welcome return to the London Build Expo on 23 and 24 October at Olympia.
An introductory article to external works - all activities carried out to the external environment of a building project.