- Project plans
- Project activities
- Legislation and standards
- Industry context
Last edited 23 Nov 2017
How to work safely on a construction site in winter
Winter weather has the potential to hit the UK hard, with strong winds, freezing temperatures, snow, ice and lots of rain. All of these elements can cause hazards for construction workers on site. As the weather is uncontrollable and unpredictable, taking precautions to ensure site operatives stay safe is essential.
[Image courtesy of http://www.michaelmolloy.co.uk/]
 Construction site dangers
Wind, freezing rain and ice can make construction sites dangerous and cause an increase in site accidents and injuries.
Temperatures that fall to near or below freezing can be dangerous to a person’s health. They can cause skin and internal body temperatures to drop. In addition, if rain causes the skin to become damp this will contribute to heat loss from the body, and the body may not be able to warm itself up. All of this can cause serious illnesses that can result in permanent tissue damage or, in more serious cases, death. Trench foot, frostbite and hypothermia are potential hazards if workers are not properly protected from the elements when working outside.
Falls are one of the most common construction site accidents and they can happen all year round. However, winter weather increases the risk of falls due to ice and wet, slippery surfaces. When surfaces become cold, ice can accumulate on scaffolding, ladders, walkways, stairs and work platforms. If these areas are not treated correctly they can cause workers to slip and fall, sometimes from height, causing injuries such as broken bones, fractures, traumatic brain injuries and even death.
 Winter driving accidents
Driving accidents don’t just happen on the roads, they can also happen on construction sites. Being on a construction site, it is easy to forget that winter driving rules for the road still apply. It is also important to remember that construction vehicles aren’t usually as agile as cars because of their size and weight.
 How to prevent accidents on the construction site
Limit any exposure to the elements by shielding certain work areas from the weather, protecting the construction workers from potential harm.
Keep updated with weather reports, giving enough time to carry out any procedures necessary to ensure workers stay safe. Such measures could include:
- Shielding any areas that could be worst hit by the weather.
- Creating warm break areas so construction workers can warm up.
- Scheduling outside work to be carried out in shorter durations, ensuring employees do not have to face the elements for long periods of time.
- Providing the correct gear so when employees are working outside none of their skin is exposed and they are fully insulated to retain body heat and prevent the cold weather affecting them.
- Educating employees about how to work safely when the bad weather hits and what to do to prevent any accidents.
- Checking the site for any new hazards that could have been caused by the bad weather.
Working outside any time of the year can be extremely dangerous. Always make sure employees are safe, helping to reduce onsite injuries or fatalities.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
Featured articles and news
Whole-life costs consider all costs associated with the life of a building, from inception to disposal. Find out more here.
Reports emerge of injuries caused by Apple employees colliding with the campus' glazed walls.
The winners of NIC's ideas competition on transforming the Cambridge to Oxford arc discuss their concept.
Create new habitats and improve air quality and wellbeing.
New report provides 12 key actions which could close the structural talent gap in the construction industry.
These can be used to find out whether a proposed development is likely to be approved. Read more here.
Studying a built environment degree? Check out our helpful student resources section.
New BRE research paper explores how blockchain technology can benefit the built environment industry.
Timber is a natural carbon sink, but it must not end up in landfill at the end of its useful life.
BSRIA has collaborated with the Department of Health on research into air permeability in isolation rooms.