- Project plans
- Project activities
- Legislation and standards
- Industry context
Last edited 14 Sep 2018
Individual steps are made up of a horizontal tread and a vertical riser. They are measured in terms of a ‘going’, i.e. the depth from front-to-back of the step (less any overlap with the next step above), a rise (the vertical distance between treads, and the width from one side to the other.
Steps should have level treads with the rise and going of each step consistent throughout the flight. The part of the tread that sometimes overhangs the riser is called the ‘nosing’. Depending on the design, the riser can be left open, or can be closed.
- Approved document K: Protection from falling, collision and impact.
- Approved document M: Access to and use of buildings (only when external stepped access also forms part of the principal entrances and alternative accessible entrances and when they form part of the access route to the building from the boundary of the site and car parking).
- Approved document B: Fire safety.
For more information, see Stair design.
 Find out more
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
Featured articles and news
Protecting employees from hearing damage.
One of the largest office buildings in the world.
Who holds the risk for COVID-19?
Insights from New York.
A quick introduction to a very complicated subject.
CIOB suggests the economic reach of construction is double the official figures.
The first US building to achieve BREEAM Outstanding In-Use.
70 buildings from 70 years of Concrete Quarterly. Book review.
Conserving the iron roof at the Albert Dock.
Delivering an infrastructure revolution.
The admissibility of evidence.