- Project plans
- Project activities
- Legislation and standards
- Industry context
Last edited 27 Mar 2018
Landings in buildings
Landings are level platforms found at the top or bottom of flights of stairs. Intermediate landings may be found part way up flights of stairs where there is an intermediate level, where there is a change in direction of the flight of stairs, or where there is a long flight of stairs.
Approved document K protection from falling, collision and impact, requires that there is a landing at the top and bottom of every flight, with a width and length at least as great as the smallest width of the flight of stairs.
Landings should be clear of permanent obstructions. They may have doors to cupboards or ducts that open over them, but these should remain closed in normal use. Other doors may swing across landings in dwellings, but only as shown below.
A headroom of at least 2m should be provided on all landings.
Where there are more than 36 risers in consecutive flights of stairs, Approved Document K requires that there is at least one change of direction, with a landing that has a minimum length equal to the width of the stairs. Landings in building other than dwellings should be at least 1200mm long.
For buildings other than dwellings, the maximum number of risers should be 16 for utility stairs, and 12 for general access stairs (or 16 in exceptional circumstances where the plan area is restricted). Landings in buildings other than dwellings should have suitable handrails on each side.
Landings may also be found at the top, bottom and along the length of ramps. They must be at least as long as the width of the ramp. For buildings other than dwellings, they must be at least 1200mm long at the top and bottom of the ramp, and at least 1500mm long for intermediate landings.
Approved Document M sets out additional guidance and requires the provision of landings as rest areas for wheelchair users and people with walking difficulties, and to provide space for wheelchair users to stop and open doors.
 Find out more
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- Ancillary area.
- Approved Document B.
- Approved Document K.
- Approved Document M.
- Building regulations.
- Inclusive design.
- Maximum length of a flight of stairs.
- Newel post.
- Spiral stairs and helical stairs.
- Stairs going.
- Stairs nosing.
- Stairs riser.
- Stairs string.
- Stairs tread.
- Types of stairs.
- Wheelchair platform stairlifts.
Featured articles and news
BSRIA examine the 'unpredictable' 2018 global air conditioning market.
ICE publish new report calling for new sector-wide body to help avert structural failures.
The rainbow JCB will be making a welcome return to the London Build Expo on 23 and 24 October at Olympia.
An introductory article to external works - all activities carried out to the external environment of a building project.
With the clock ticking, RIBA say that a 'no deal Brexit' will be "disastrous" for the architecture profession.
The focus is generally on the lime binder, but the aggregate is actually the most significant element.
The importance of communication, collaboration and simplicity when planning construction projects.
New working group is set up to consider options for raising standards across the property agent sector.
BSRIA provide a top 10 list of recent legislation and guidance affecting buildings.
Record third-time winner of the RIBA Stirling Prize - our profile of one of the world's most celebrated architects.