Last edited 16 Oct 2020

Landings in buildings

Landings are level platforms found at the top or bottom of flights of stairs. Intermediate landings may be found part way up flights of stairs where there is an intermediate level, where there is a change in direction of the flight of stairs, or where there is a long flight of stairs.

Approved document K protection from falling, collision and impact, requires that there is a landing at the top and bottom of every flight, with a width and length at least as great as the smallest width of the flight of stairs.

Landings should be clear of permanent obstructions. They may have doors to cupboards or ducts that open over them, but these should remain closed in normal use. Other doors may swing across landings in dwellings, but only as shown below.

Landings in buildings.jpg

A headroom of at least 2m should be provided on all landings.

Where there are more than 36 risers in consecutive flights of stairs, Approved Document K requires that there is at least one change of direction, with a landing that has a minimum length equal to the width of the stairs. Landings in building other than dwellings should be at least 1200mm long.

For buildings other than dwellings, the maximum number of risers should be 16 for utility stairs, and 12 for general access stairs (or 16 in exceptional circumstances where the plan area is restricted). Landings in buildings other than dwellings should have suitable handrails on each side.

Landings may also be found at the top, bottom and along the length of ramps. They must be at least as long as the width of the ramp. For buildings other than dwellings, they must be at least 1200mm long at the top and bottom of the ramp, and at least 1500mm long for intermediate landings.

Approved Document M sets out additional guidance and requires the provision of landings as rest areas for wheelchair users and people with walking difficulties, and to provide space for wheelchair users to stop and open doors.

Approved Document M also refers to landings in front of lifts.

Approved Document B sets our additional requirements in relation to fire safety.

NB see also: Soft landings.

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