- Project plans
- Project activities
- Legislation and standards
- Industry context
Last edited 27 Mar 2018
Landings in buildings
Landings are level platforms found at the top or bottom of flights of stairs. Intermediate landings may be found part way up flights of stairs where there is an intermediate level, where there is a change in direction of the flight of stairs, or where there is a long flight of stairs.
Approved document K protection from falling, collision and impact, requires that there is a landing at the top and bottom of every flight, with a width and length at least as great as the smallest width of the flight of stairs.
Landings should be clear of permanent obstructions. They may have doors to cupboards or ducts that open over them, but these should remain closed in normal use. Other doors may swing across landings in dwellings, but only as shown below.
A headroom of at least 2m should be provided on all landings.
Where there are more than 36 risers in consecutive flights of stairs, Approved Document K requires that there is at least one change of direction, with a landing that has a minimum length equal to the width of the stairs. Landings in building other than dwellings should be at least 1200mm long.
For buildings other than dwellings, the maximum number of risers should be 16 for utility stairs, and 12 for general access stairs (or 16 in exceptional circumstances where the plan area is restricted). Landings in buildings other than dwellings should have suitable handrails on each side.
Landings may also be found at the top, bottom and along the length of ramps. They must be at least as long as the width of the ramp. For buildings other than dwellings, they must be at least 1200mm long at the top and bottom of the ramp, and at least 1500mm long for intermediate landings.
Approved Document M sets out additional guidance and requires the provision of landings as rest areas for wheelchair users and people with walking difficulties, and to provide space for wheelchair users to stop and open doors.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- Ancillary area.
- Approved Document B.
- Approved Document K.
- Approved Document M.
- Building regulations.
- Inclusive design.
- Maximum length of a flight of stairs.
- Newel post.
- Spiral stairs and helical stairs.
- Stairs going.
- Stairs nosing.
- Stairs riser.
- Stairs string.
- Stairs tread.
- Types of stairs.
- Wheelchair platform stairlifts.
Featured articles and news
HAB is a bridge design concept which incorporates an integrated hydraulic system in order to carry more weight.
ICE publish a discussion paper looking at the role of the engineer in creating inclusive cities.
A PQP describes the activities, standards, tools and processes necessary to achieve quality in a project's delivery.
How Lidl has been actively working to reinforce their brand through sustainability.
Association of British Insurers describe full-scale cladding tests as 'utterly inadequate'.
This article examines the changing policy commitments and evolving definitions of the zero carbon home.
Researchers believe they may have created a 'game-changing' new form of concrete using graphene.
Grouting refers to the injection of materials into a soil or rock formation to change its physical characteristics.
Part of Designing Buildings Wiki, BREEAM Wiki will advance knowledge sharing for the BRE family of sustainability tools.
From the decorative to the utilitarian, and from the photographed to the forgotten.
New BRE book considers the progression from project-based knowledge creation to whole-life urban knowledge management.
This CIOB article explores the concept of value in building design and construction.