- Project plans
- Project activities
- Legislation and standards
- Industry context
Last edited 09 Jan 2018
Regulations for the design and construction of stairs are set out in Part K of the building regulations, and compliant designs are described in Approved Document K - Protection from falling, collision and impact.
The leading edge of the tread is described as the ‘nosing’. In buildings other than dwellings, the nosing should be visually contrasting, and a suitable tread nosing profile, should be used. See nosing for more information.
Steps should have level treads with the rise and going of each step consistent throughout a flight of steps and are in accordance with the table below.
In buildings other than dwellings, risers should not be open to avoid feet or walking aids being caught underneath the tread during ascent, possibly causing a fall or giving occupants a feeling of insecurity. For dwellings, steps may have open risers if treads overlap by a minimum of 16mm and steps are constructed so that a 100mm diameter sphere cannot pass through the open risers.
A tapered tread is a step in which the going reduces from one side to the other. Where stairs have tapered treads, consecutive treads should use the same going. If a stair consists of straight and tapered treads, the going of the tapered treads should not be less than the going of the straight treads.
Alternating tread stairs are stairs with paddle-shaped treads where the wide portion is on alternate sides on consecutive treads. In dwellings, alternating tread stairs may only be used in loft conversions where there is not enough space for conventional stairs and where the stair is for access to only one habitable room and, if desired, a bathroom and/or a WC (although this must not be the only WC in the dwelling).
Alternating tread stairs should; make alternating steps uniform with parallel nosings, have slip-resistant surfaces on treads, have tread sizes over the wider part of the step in line with the table above, should provide a minimum clear headroom of 2 m, should be constructed so that a 100 mm diameter sphere cannot pass through the open risers and should comply with the diagram below.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
Featured articles and news
Check out our list of the 90 most unusual buildings of all time.
The government is to set a personal consumption target to reduce water use.
BSRIA calls for more education to promote fuels that are fit to burn.
Michael Gove admits air pollution is making people ill and shortening lives.
BRE call for a clearer, focused drive for the delivery of sustainable, quality developments.
Proposals for a 140m high observation wheel next to the Tyne.
Consistently one of our most popular articles - so just how much do you know about BoQ's?
Significant updates encourage whole building life cycle assessment and recognise products with Environmental Product Declarations.
Gustavo Giovannoni’s role in integrating modern planning requirements into historic town centres.
Desipite Hackitt's recommendations, the government are to consult on combustible cladding.