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Last edited 06 Feb 2021
Flight of steps
‘Flight’ is a term used in building design and construction to denote a continuous sequence of steps (or risers) connecting floors, landings or intermediate landings. The typical width of a flight in a domestic setting is around 850mm or more.
A quarter-turn stair (sometimes called a ‘dog-leg’ stair) features a quarter-turn landing situated between flights. This may be located at any point on the staircase, from which point the second flight changes direction by 90 degrees to the left or right leading to the next floor above. In properties where space is at a premium, the landing may be replaced by a series of winders (wedge-shaped steps in plan) which then makes the stairway a continuous single-flight stair.
A half-turn stair usually involves a half landing between two flights and allows a 180-degree change of direction. An alternative arrangement to achieve 180-degree travel, space permitting, is to have two quarter landings in a configuration of flight-QL-flight-QL-flight; this may also form an open-well stair.
Stairs with more than 36 risers in consecutive flights should have at least one change in direction between flights. For buildings other than dwellings, the maximum number of risers between landings should be 16 for utility stairs and 12 for general access stairs. There should not be any single steps.
- Approved Document B – Fire safety.
- Approved Document K – Protection from falling, collision and impact.
- Approved Document M – Access to and use of buildings.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- Accommodation stair
- Approved Document B
- Approved Document K
- Approved Document M
- Firefighting lobby
- Landings in buildings
- Maximum length of a flight of stairs
- Means of escape
- Protected stair v escape stair
- Protected stairway
- Spiral stairs and helical stairs
- Stair design
- Stairs going
- Stairs nosing
- Stairs riser
- Stairs tread
- Types of stairs
- When to install a staircase during the construction process.
- Width of doors stairs and escape routes.
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