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Last edited 30 Jan 2019
Net internal area NIA
It is very important when describing the area of a building to be clear about which measure is being used, for example in property sales, planning applications, building regulations applications, lease negotiations, rating valuations, and so on.
The net internal area (NIA) of a building is the usable area measured to the internal finish of the perimeter or party walls, ignoring skirting boards, at each floor level. Net internal area covers all of those areas that can be used for a particular purpose.
- Any built in cupboards or units that occupy usable areas.
- Perimeter skirting boards, mouldings and trunking.
- Open circulation areas such as atria, corridors and entrance halls.
- Partition walls and other dividing elements.
Net internal area excludes:
- Internal structural walls.
- Walls (whether structural or not) enclosing excluded areas.
- Piers, columns, chimney breasts, ducts and other projections.
- Cleaner’s cupboards.
- Lifts, lift rooms, lift wells.
- Stairwells and landings.
- Stairwells, entrance halls, atria, landings and balconies used in common or for the purpose of essential access.
- Corridors and other circulation areas used in common with other occupiers or of a permanent essential nature.
- Boiler rooms, fuel stores, plant rooms and tank rooms other than those of a trade process nature.
- Car parking areas.
- Spaces occupied by cooling and heating equipment, air conditioning systems and ducting which renders the space substantially unusable.
- Areas with a headroom of less than 1.5m.
- Toilets and associated lobbies, unless additional toilets have been installed.
- Areas under the control of service or other external authorities.
In relation to the term 'permanent essential nature' it suggests that, 'apart from areas used in common with other occupiers, corridors excluded from NIA are those of a permanent essential nature, i.e. internal corridors between structural walls (usually found in older buildings). Fire corridors and smoke lobbies which are defined by non-structural walls - but only where they are permanent and essential to any prospective tenant of the property and do not merely serve the needs of the actual occupier. If the latter, they should be included.'
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