Rent is the payment made by the tenant (or lessee) to the landlord (or lessor) for the temporary use of land, a building, a flat, and so on. The payment is usually made periodically during the time the land, etc. is being used or occupied.
A fixed-term tenancy, which runs for a defined time period, allows the landlord to increase the rent only if the tenant agrees. Without agreement, the rent can only be increased when the fixed term ends and before it is renewed. However, virtually all commercial leases issued in the U.K. will contain a provision allowing the landlord to periodically adjust the rent payable by the tenant.
The following obligations apply to any tenancy:
- The landlord must get the tenant’s permission before the rent can be increased by more than previously agreed.
- The rent increase must be fair, realistic, and not out of keeping with average local rents.
- The procedure for increasing rent set out in the tenancy agreement must be adhered to.
- Without such a procedure in the tenancy agreement, the rent can only be increased at the end of the fixed term.
- If the tenancy is weekly or monthly the landlord must give a minimum of one month’s notice for rent increases. If the tenancy yearly then they must give 6 months’ notice.
- Landlords can pursue eviction procedures if a tenant falls behind with rent payments.
Deposits are usually paid by new tenants to landlords to secure the property and provide security in the event of default, or damage to the property. If a home is rented on an assured shorthold tenancy (AST) that started after 6 April 2007, the landlord must put the deposit in a government-backed tenancy deposit scheme (TDP).
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