- Project plans
- Project activities
- Legislation and standards
- Industry context
- Specialist wikis
Last edited 04 Sep 2020
Construction is an industry ripe for tech disruption
Innate conservatism are words that are used to describe the construction industry. While the retail and automotive sectors are the proverbial hares when it comes to implementing technology, those who plan our built environment are the tortoises.
“We’re a low-margin industry, which has led to a lack of investment in research and development over recent decades, especially when compared to other industries,” explains Sam Stacey, director of innovation, industrialisation and business improvement at Skanska UK.
 Construction challenges
“It’s the change in mindset that’s always proven to be the biggest challenge,” says Tim Chapman, director at Arup. “There are still many practitioners who want to protect the established ways of doing things, but the evidence from other industries where technology has taken hold is that soon it will be too big a draw to ignore.”
It doesn’t help that the industry is highly segregated between disciplines making the adoption of unified workflows difficult. Many projects are also bespoke rather than iterations of previous designs. This means the technological applications are more complicated. There’s also been a lack of investment in tools and training.
“Design is heavily rooted in past experience and the latest technologies are viewed as risky and priced accordingly,” explains Mathew Riley, managing director of Ramboll UK. “Construction earns its money on a series of individual, mostly unrelated, projects with no incentive to invest in new ways of working.”
It doesn’t help that clients don’t want to be guinea pigs, testing out new technology, especially if the project has a multi-million-pound price tag, yet there are companies shaking things up. “The amount of disruptive technologies emerging for smarter construction in ‘pursuit of a better way’ is astonishing,” says Jon Harris, director of digital technology at Mace.
Real-time collaboration, building information modelling in the cloud, 3D printing, augmented reality, survey drones, big data and the internet of things, as well as wearable technologies, gaming and digital workflows are now being deployed.
“Adoption is the key to overcoming barriers in the construction industry and will require broad-thinking clients who actively encourage a better way of working for the overall benefit of their project and end-users,” says Paul Westbury, group technical director at Laing O’Rourke.
The main benefit is time compression. New tech allows engineers, architects and surveyors to make better decisions quickly, optimising design, automating engineering or reducing the risk involved in off-site and on-site construction. Project life cycles can be shortened, boosting productivity.
The evidence from other industries where technology has taken hold is that soon it will be too big a draw to ignore
“It also offers us the single biggest opportunity to mitigate the risk against a skills shortage across the industry, whether accessing a broader skillset in design or reducing the dependency for on-site labour,” says Mr Riley.
Drones are now used to perform surveys, scans and inspections, saving on the cost of employing a well-trained engineer on-site. It also reduces the need for safety equipment and risk assessments since drones can work in dangerous areas.
Health and safety is a big concern for the industry, driving technology adoption and reticence at the same time. “We’re finding that clients are still hesitant about processes automated by computers, as many large building projects involve operating heavy machinery,” explains Mr Chapman.
Some believe it’s time the industry developed a “technology roadmap” where there’s a mutual understanding of the key challenges which need to be overcome and the supporting technologies that will enable this to happen. The Infrastructure Industry Innovation Platform (i3P) is one answer to this.
This aims to utilise smart design and manufacturing, new materials, smart infrastructure underpinned by artificial intelligence, virtual and augmented reality, autonomous vehicles and drones, as well as protecting people through wearable technology.
“Many organisations have experimented with some of these technologies, but to achieve widespread adoption it requires a commitment to collaborative innovation,” Nick Sumption, industry innovation lead for i3P at Thames Tideway Tunnel, concludes.
 Case study: Artificial intelligence
Artificial intelligence (AI) will shake up construction taking on mundane tasks that are labour intensive, especially design. “AI in building information modelling (BIM) will bring a paradigm shift to our industry,” says Tim Chapman, director at Arup.
It will transform the way we build; eventually it will be used to design bridges and tunnels, for example, as well as other standard features. Soon we will be able to drag and drop a rail bridge on to a computer model of, say, the High Speed 2 rail link for BIM software to calculate all the parameters.
The software is slowly becoming more sophisticated, so it won’t be long before this will happen. “AI still needs to evolve. BIM is still in its early days. When you look at average BIM data, this becomes clear. AI works with a very complex dataset. Construction cannot yet inform AI, but it will in the future,” says Malcolm Stagg, director of digital engineering at Skanska UK.
“AI will allow greater knowledge-sharing, making sure there is a central brain that learns from experience,” says Mr Chapman. Machine-learning should also free up professionals to spend more time doing creative thinking.
“There is now demand for supply to be cheaper as the global need to construct new infrastructure increases. Applying AI will lead to reduced prices, better safety, and more accurate and rapid assembly,” he explains.
Written by Nick Easen, Award-winning freelance journalist and broadcaster
Please find the original article here
--Future of Construction 16:19, 15 Jun 2017 (BST)
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- Advanced construction technology.
- Artificial intelligence and civil engineering.
- Artificial intelligence and surveying.
- Construction innovation.
- ConTech in a post lockdown, pre-vaccine economy
- How technology is changing the real estate industry.
- Impact of the sharing economy on construction craft labour and equipment markets.
- Industry Disruption: 10 ways real estate is changing.
- Shaping the Future of Construction: Inspiring innovators redefine the industry.
- The key trends making our cities greener, safer and smarter.
- The readiness of UK companies to adopt new digital technologies.
- Virtual construction model.
- Virtual reality and manufacturing.
Featured articles and news
Creating comfortable climates despite extreme temperatures.
Study examines how adjustable arrangements can succeed.
Government announces plans to improve accessibility.
Resource addresses pandemic-related NEC4 contract issues.
Incorporating EDI into the provision of fair access.
Government announces global innovation strategy.
An architectural biography. Book review.
The house where the future king of France lived.
The teacher, architectural technologist and mum offers her insights.
Careful planning needed as supply chain issues continue.
The sensitive conversion of a neglected Cornwall structure.
Plan stresses local involvement in city, town and village development.