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Last edited 16 Jun 2020
- It has 40% of Europe’s wind due to its position in the North West of Europe where it bears the full brunt of weather systems coming in from the North Atlantic.
- It has the longest coastline in Europe (the island of Great Britain has a coastline of 17,820 km according to the Ordnance Survey).
- It has many shallow waters, ideal for off-shore wind.
- It has many sparsely populated upland areas, mainly in the North which is also the region with the most significant wind resources.
 Wind installations in the UK
The first British wind farm was established in 1991 at Delabole, Cornwall. Since then, largely due to the government's Renewables Obligation, UK wind energy capacity has flourished and is now considered one of the best locations in the world. In 2012, the UK was the world leader in offshore wind.
 Public perception of wind power
However, by and large, the British view wind power in a favourable light. In surveys carried out in 2012 for RenewablesUK, the body which champions UK wind and marine energy, and for the Sunday Times, it emerged that:
- 77% of Britons are in favour of electricity from renewables.
- 73% of Britons support offshore wind and 66% onshore wind installations.
- Only 17% of Britons support additional gas/coal power stations.
- Only 40% of Britons support additional nuclear power stations.
 Advantages and disadvantages of wind power
- The main advantage is the low carbon nature of wind power. It is a completely 'clean' energy, other than the manufacture and construct on of the pylons, blades and turbines.
- Wind power generation is relatively silent.
- The wind is strongest in the winter months when energy demand is at its highest.
- Many jobs are created in designing, manufacturing, and servicing the equipment.
- A 7% reduction in UK carbon emissions versus 1990
- A quarter of a million UK jobs by 2050
- Annual revenues of some £19 billion by 2050
- The main disadvantage is the unpredictable nature of wind speeds resulting in turbines being immobile for significant periods.
- It is difficult to store generated power.
- Wind turbines tend to be large and very visible within the countryside.
 International comparisons
- China (62.4)
- USA (46.9)
- Germany (29.1)
- Spain (21.7)
- India (15.9)
- Italy (6.7)
- France (6.6)
- United Kingdom (6.5)
The UK had the 5th largest installed capacity in Europe at the end of 2011; this reflects its fairly late uptake of wind power compared for example with Germany, which has by far the most capacity, or Spain.
In March 2019, Energy and Clean Growth Minister Claire Perry announced the launch of a new joint government-industry Offshore Wind Sector Deal intended to supply a third of all UK electricity by 2030. Ref https://www.gov.uk/government/news/offshore-wind-energy-revolution-to-provide-a-third-of-all-uk-electricity-by-2030
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- Carbon capture and storage.
- Energy Act.
- Energy storage.
- Geothermal pile foundations.
- Ground energy options.
- Large scale solar thermal energy.
- Renewable energy.
- Rainwater harvesting.
- Solar photovoltaics.
- Solar thermal energy.
- The future of UK power generation.
- Why the UK needs to support emerging tech like energy storage.
- Wind farm.
- Wind turbine.
 External references
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