Last edited 28 Dec 2020

Power generation

The term 'power generation' describes the process of generating electrical power. Types of power generation include:

Power stations are normally located away from centres of population where fossil fuels are abundant or good transport links exist. Many of these locations are well away from the towns and cities where the electricity is used and hence there is a need for electricity transmission and distribution.

The national power supply network is managed by four types of organisation:

  • Generators - responsible for producing the electricity.
  • Suppliers - responsible for supply and selling electricity to consumers.
  • Transmission network - responsible for the transmission of electricity across the country.
  • Distributors - those who own and operate the local distribution network from the national transmission network to homes and businesses.

Microgeneration is the local production of power on a very small scale in comparison to the typical output of a power station.

Consumers can qualify for an ‘export tariff’ by selling surplus electricity back to their supplier. Allowable technologies are:

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