- Project plans
- Project activities
- Legislation and standards
- Industry context
Last edited 11 Nov 2020
Hard landscape (also referred to as hardscape) is a term used to describe the non-plant material used in landscaping, such as a park or garden. The term is most commonly used by landscape architects and other professional garden designers who have been hired to enhance a landscape.
In their most basic form, hard landscaping elements can provide support for soft landscaping components such as plants, trees, soil and so on. Ideally, both elements should work together to create a cohesive space that is naturally linked to the world around it.
Elements of hard landscaping can be either natural or artificial. Examples include retaining walls, paving material, driveways, walkways, decking, steps and so on. They can also include planters, gazebos, outdoor kitchens, fountains and permanent furniture.
Other hard landscape elements might include:
- Drainage systems.
- Irrigation systems.
- Structures (e.g. sheds, pergolas, follies, greenhouses).
- Water features (e.g. fountains, ponds, creeks, waterfalls).
Hard landscaping elements can create outdoor spaces that can be used for multiple purposes. When fitted with electronic equipment for sound, lighting, heating and other comforts, these outdoor areas can serve as extra 'rooms' for entertaining.
Part of the importance of hard landscape planning has to do with the management of water. The hard landscaping foundation can control moisture levels by storing or draining water and supporting irrigation systems. It can also help prevent soil erosion.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
Featured articles and news
Air rights for developing above existing properties.
New national seismic hazard maps for the UK.
Six technologies guiding O&M into the future.
Homes carved from sandstone cliffs in England.
A review of the HES pilot project.
Organisation alerts membership to findings of IHBC research.
Four outstanding professionals recognised.
Sustainable flooring from super strong grass.
Organisation presents reactions from industry leaders.
New infrastructure bank to be based in the North of England.
Fairer, faster, greener. A summary of the key points.
Strategies to help provide safer working conditions.
Protecting flora, fauna and the other natural features of Scotland.