Last edited 27 Apr 2022

Landscape planning

Assessing landscape value outside national designations, Technical Guidance Note 02/21, published by the Landscape Institute in 2021, defines landscape planning as: ‘Strong forward-looking action to enhance, restore or create landscapes (European Landscape Convention). The development and application of strategies, policies and plans to create successful environments, in both urban and rural settings, for the benefit of current and future generations (Landscape Institute).’

Glossary of the Information System of the Council of Europe Landscape Convention, Spatial planning and landscape, No. 106, published by the Council of Europe in 2018, states: ‘According to the Council of Europe Landscape Convention, landscape planning “means strong forward-looking action to enhance, restore or create landscapes”. Landscape planning is based on a set of forward-looking activities. It concerns, inter alia, the reassessment of degraded landscapes, and particularly wasteland. Major developments which meet society’s new needs (including transport systems and renewable energy sources) may in fact comprise landscape planning. Such activities are usually subjected to an environmental impact assessment. In these cases, the relevance threshold of impact studies is reached. In fact, such studies were initially devised to keep negative impacts on the environment and on landscapes under control, and not as tools to use when designing a project with positive effects on the environment and on landscapes.’

Spatial development glossary, European Conference of Ministers responsible for Spatial/Regional Planning (CEMAT), Territory and landscape, No 2, published by Council of Europe Publishing in 2007, states: ‘Landscape planning is an activity involving both public and private professionals, aiming at the creation, conservation, enhancement and restoration of landscapes at various scales, from greenways and public parks to large areas, such as forests, large wilderness areas and reclamation of degraded landscapes such as mines or landfills.’

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