Last edited 22 Apr 2022

Landscape elements

Glossary of the Information System of the Council of Europe Landscape Convention, Spatial planning and landscape, No. 106, published by the Council of Europe in 2018, states in relation to landscape elements: ‘Landscape is a system of interaction between its elements, both spatial and social. For reasons of efficiency, landscape elements form the basis for the analysis of landscape features, landscape protection, management and planning activities and for the definition of landscape indicators. When such elements, or basic components of the landscape, are studied or used in their own right, they cannot reflect the systemic, holistic dimension of landscape. In practice, it is the interaction between the different elements that is more important than the elements themselves. The components formed by landscape elements and their interaction are, depending on the state, known as landscape structures or landscape systems.’

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