Last edited 26 Mar 2020

Ceiling finishes

A ceiling is part of a building that encloses a space and is exposed overhead. Ceilings help create enclosure of and separation between spaces, they help to control the diffusion of light and sound around a room, and help prevent the passage of sound between rooms. They have fire resistant properties and may also accommodate building services such as vents, lighting, sprinkler heads and so on, as well as being able to conceal other services such as ducts, pipes and wiring.

There are a number of ways of finishing a ceiling.

Contents

[edit] Plasterboard and skim

Plasterboard is fixed horizontally to stud partitions. The ceiling is then skim coated with plaster and decorated.

Advantages:

  • Can create a void for services.
  • Lightweight.
  • Inexpensive.
  • Good fire-resistance.
  • Smooth seamless finish.

Disadvantages:

[edit] Suspended ceilings

The suspended ceiling typically consists of 600 x 600 mm aluminium grid system supporting fibre tiles.

Advantages:

Disadvantages:

[edit] uPVC cladding

The ceiling cladding can be PVC boards or larger sheets.

Advantages

Disadvantages:

See also: Stretched-skin ceiling

[edit] Timber boarded ceiling

Generally softwood timber boards with non-visible nails. The timber can be treated for a natural finish or painted.

Advantages:

Disadvantages

[edit] Exposed ceilings

In some buildings, it is possible to omit a 'finished' ceiling completely and simply expose the structural and mechanical components of the building to the interior. This offers the advantages of economy and ease of access for maintenance, and can also expose the thermal mass of the building. The thermal mass of exposed ceilings can be further exploited by the installation of heating or cooling elements such as chilled beams.

[edit] Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki

[edit] External references

BTEC National Construction - Pearson