Last edited 23 Oct 2018

Spandrel

Spandrel.jpg

In traditional building, the term 'spandrel' refers to the roughly triangular space or surface that is found between a curved figure and a rectangular boundary. It is thought to derive from from the Old French word 'spandre', meaning to spread.

Such spandrels can be found in a number of situations:

More recently, the term 'spandrel panel' has been used to refer to prefabricated triangular panels used in roof construction to separate spaces under the roof, or to complete the gable end of a roof. These panels can be installed quickly by crane, and mean that roofing contractors can complete wall elements under the roof rather than having to get brick or block layers to return to site.

SpandrelPanels1.jpg
Carptrash at the English language Wikipedia [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/)], from Wikimedia Commons

The term spandrel panel may also be used to refer to cladding panels that fill the space above the head of a window on one floor and below the cill of the window on the next floor on high-rise buildings. These panels conceal the floor structure. If they are made from opaque or translucent glass, this may be referred to as spandrel glass.

Problems with spandrel panels were linked to the Lakanal House fire in 2009, and in October 2018, following the Grenfell Tower fire, the government published advice that building owners should test the combustibility of spandrel, window and infill panels if there is no documented evidence of their fire resistance and to remove them if they are considered unsafe.

It suggests that; "Spandrel panels can be provided for both aesthetic and functional purposes. Like the rest of the external wall, the panels are generally required to meet acoustic, thermal, moisture, and fire performance requirements. Such panels are not normally load bearing but are often designed to account for wind loading... The design and materials of panels varies between buildings; some are made of singular components such as cement particle board, other panels are composite products comprising outer facing materials bonded to an inner core."

The advice states; "Where the panel product type can be confirmed building owners should check the fire performance with the manufacturer by requesting test certification. Where there is no information about the panel or there is uncertainty, it will be necessary to investigate the panel composition by sample testing."

Ref https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/advice-for-building-owners-on-spandrel-panelswindow-panelsinfill-panels-on-external-walls

Lakanal House.jpg
Lakanal House

NB The term spandrel beam refers to an exterior beam that extends from one column to another, carrying an exterior wall load.

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