Practical guide on health in garden cities
The notion of garden towns/villages has received more momentum in recent years in response to the UK’s housing shortage. As the first garden villages begin to take shape with the government’s support, many are concerned that in creating these new places quantity may be prioritised ahead of quality.
In response to such concerns, and with the support of BRE, the Town and Country Planning Association (TCPA) has produced a suite of guidance with practical steps for creating successful new communities.
This series of Practical Guides provides detail and case studies on a wide range of key issues relating to large developments, including planning, investment, health and wellbeing, delivery, and long-term stewardship.
Guide 8 of this suit was released in December 2017 and 'sets out how new garden cities should be designed to promote the health of their populations. It brings together and supplements the wealth of existing guidance on creating healthy and active environments to inform the planning of new garden cities or new large-scale urban extensions, or the regeneration of existing communities. It builds on each of the garden city principles, but it specifically addresses:
- For health and wellbeing needs, considerations under the ‘beautifully and imaginatively designed homes with gardens, combining the best of town and country to create healthy communities’ principle; and
- For health and care infrastructure needs, considerations under the ‘strong cultural, recreational and shopping facilities in walkable, vibrant, sociable neighbourhoods’ principle.'
The guide addresses the questions of health and wellbeing within the planning and development process when opportunities to increase health and wellbeing across the entire site (and for individual buildings) are far greater and the costs to achieve this are lower. At this stage and scale there are opportunities through economies of scale, site-wide solutions and greater flexibility in design decisions.
Health promoting advice and information within this guide includes both residential and commercial developments and building and comprises of the following core elements of good place-making principles:
- Movement and access.
- Open spaces, play, and recreation.
- The food environment.
- Neighbourhood spaces and infrastructure.
- The local economy
The Practical Guide further examines each of these elements explaining their relative importance in creating healthy living environments. It then suggests tools and mechanisms for their delivery and implementation which can be adopted by local authorities and delivery partners followed by case studies and success stories.
BREEAM Communities and BREEAM New Construction Schemes address the Masterplaning and Design and Construction lifecycle stages of a development respectively. Issues of social sustainability, health and wellbeing and end-user comfort are the most fundamental requirements for assessment and certification within both schemes.
HQM is a national standard for new homes, which helps provide information on a new home’s design, construction quality and running costs. It also shows the impact of the home on the occupant’s health and wellbeing, as buildings become more airtight, respiratory conditions rise and the population gets older. HQM provides consumers with an indication of the quality of living space (indoor air, temperature, light and noise) as well as local amenity.
All this makes creating a high-quality living environment more than just a matter of addressing issues that adversely affect health. Both BREEAM and HQM consider a wider range of contributing factors, such as socio-economics context and local and demographic priorities, to help promote good health in communities. This is a notion recognised within the suite of TCPA Guidance.
For more information and to download the guide, see TCPA.
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