Practical guide on health in garden cities
The notion of garden towns/villages has received more momentum in recent years in response to the UK’s housing shortage. As the first garden villages begin to take shape with the government’s support, many are concerned that in creating these new places quantity may be prioritised ahead of quality.
In response to such concerns, and with the support of BRE, the Town and Country Planning Association (TCPA) has produced a suite of guidance with practical steps for creating successful new communities.
This series of Practical Guides provides detail and case studies on a wide range of key issues relating to large developments, including planning, investment, health and wellbeing, delivery, and long-term stewardship.
Guide 8 of this suit was released in December 2017 and 'sets out how new garden cities should be designed to promote the health of their populations. It brings together and supplements the wealth of existing guidance on creating healthy and active environments to inform the planning of new garden cities or new large-scale urban extensions, or the regeneration of existing communities. It builds on each of the garden city principles, but it specifically addresses:
- For health and wellbeing needs, considerations under the ‘beautifully and imaginatively designed homes with gardens, combining the best of town and country to create healthy communities’ principle; and
- For health and care infrastructure needs, considerations under the ‘strong cultural, recreational and shopping facilities in walkable, vibrant, sociable neighbourhoods’ principle.'
The guide addresses the questions of health and wellbeing within the planning and development process when opportunities to increase health and wellbeing across the entire site (and for individual buildings) are far greater and the costs to achieve this are lower. At this stage and scale there are opportunities through economies of scale, site-wide solutions and greater flexibility in design decisions.
Health promoting advice and information within this guide includes both residential and commercial developments and building and comprises of the following core elements of good place-making principles:
- Movement and access.
- Open spaces, play, and recreation.
- The food environment.
- Neighbourhood spaces and infrastructure.
- The local economy
The Practical Guide further examines each of these elements explaining their relative importance in creating healthy living environments. It then suggests tools and mechanisms for their delivery and implementation which can be adopted by local authorities and delivery partners followed by case studies and success stories.
BREEAM Communities and BREEAM New Construction Schemes address the Masterplaning and Design and Construction lifecycle stages of a development respectively. Issues of social sustainability, health and wellbeing and end-user comfort are the most fundamental requirements for assessment and certification within both schemes.
HQM is a national standard for new homes, which helps provide information on a new home’s design, construction quality and running costs. It also shows the impact of the home on the occupant’s health and wellbeing, as buildings become more airtight, respiratory conditions rise and the population gets older. HQM provides consumers with an indication of the quality of living space (indoor air, temperature, light and noise) as well as local amenity.
All this makes creating a high-quality living environment more than just a matter of addressing issues that adversely affect health. Both BREEAM and HQM consider a wider range of contributing factors, such as socio-economics context and local and demographic priorities, to help promote good health in communities. This is a notion recognised within the suite of TCPA Guidance.
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Issue support documents
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Issue support documents are written for named BREEAM Issues or sub-issues. More info. (ac) = awaiting content.
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- BREEAM Sustainability champion
- BREEAM Environmental management
- BREEAM Considerate construction
- BREEAM Monitoring of construction site impacts
- BREEAM Aftercare support
- BREEAM Seasonal commissioning
- BREEAM Testing and inspecting building fabric
- BREEAM Life cycle cost and service life planning
- BREEAM Stakeholder consultation (ac)
- BREEAM Commissioning (ac)
- BREEAM Handover (ac)
- BREEAM Inclusive and accessible design (ac)
- BREEAM Post occupancy evaluation
 Health and Wellbeing
- BREEAM Visual comfort Daylighting (partly ac)
- BREEAM Visual comfort View out
- BREEAM Visual comfort Glare control
- BREEAM Indoor air quality plan
- BREEAM Indoor air quality Ventilation
- BREEAM Thermal comfort
- BREEAM Internal and external lighting (ac)
- BREEAM Indoor pollutants VOCs (ac)
- BREEAM Potential for natural ventilation (ac)
- BREEAM Safe containment in laboratories (ac)
- BREEAM Acoustic performance
- BREEAM Safety and security (ac)
- BREEAM Reduction of energy use and carbon emissions
- BREEAM Energy monitoring
- BREEAM External lighting
- BREEAM Low carbon design
- BREEAM Passive design
- BREEAM Free cooling
- BREEAM LZC technologies
- BREEAM Energy efficient cold storage (partly ac)
- BREEAM Energy efficient transportation systems
- BREEAM Energy efficient laboratory systems
- BREEAM Energy efficient equipment (partly ac)
- BREEAM Drying space
- BREEAM Transport assessment and travel plan
- BREEAM Public transport accessibility
- BREEAM Sustainable transport measures
- BREEAM Proximity to amenities
- BREEAM Cyclist facilities
- BREEAM Alternative modes of transport (ac)
- BREEAM Maximum car parking capacity
- BREEAM Travel plan
- BREEAM Home office (ac)
- BREEAM Water consumption
- BREEAM Water efficient equipment
- BREEAM Water monitoring
- BREEAM Water leak detection (ac)
- BREEAM Hard landscaping and boundary protection
- BREEAM Responsible sourcing of materials
- BREEAM Insulation
- BREEAM Designing for durability and resilience
- BREEAM Life cycle impacts
- BREEAM Material efficiency (ac)
- BREEAM Construction waste management
- BREEAM Recycled aggregates
- BREEAM Speculative floor & ceiling finishes
- BREEAM Adaptation to climate change
- BREEAM Operational waste
- BREEAM Functional adaptability (ac)
 Land Use and Ecology
- BREEAM Site Selection
- BREEAM Ecological value of site
- BREEAM Protection of ecological features
- BREEAM Minimising impact on existing site ecology
- BREEAM Enhancing site ecology
- BREEAM Long term impact on biodiversity (ac)
- BREEAM Impact of refrigerants
- BREEAM NOx emissions
- BREEAM Flood risk management (ac)
- BREEAM Surface water run-off (ac)
- BREEAM Reduction of night time light pollution (partly ac)
- BREEAM Reduction of noise pollution
Once an ISD has been initially created the '(ac)' marker can be removed
This particular index is based around the structure of the New Construction and RFO schemes.