- Project plans
- Project activities
- Legislation and standards
- Industry context
Last edited 05 Feb 2020
Developed by Fastbrick Robotics Ltd., an Australian robotic technology company, Hadrian X handles the automatic loading, cutting, routing and placement of all bricks, following a computer-aided design, to complete the end-to-end bricklaying of a house in up to 3 days.
The Hadrian X is built from steel, aluminium and carbon fibre composites. It is controlled by a network of computers, robot vision cameras, servo motors and a laser tracker that monitors its laying position.
According to current performance estimates, the Hadrian X will be able to lay approximately 1,000 bricks per hour, compared to the 300-400 bricks a day that a human bricklayer can place. This, in conjunction with its ability to work 24/7 in any conditions without the need for a break, means that a standard house can be completely built in as little as two or three days.
The machine uses an industrial adhesive instead of traditional mortar, which increases the strength of the structure by four to five times, increases the thermal and acoustic efficiency of the building by up to 70%, and further decreases the build time as there are no delays in waiting for the mortar to set.
The Hadrian X boasts state-of-the-art compensation systems, which means that despite the movement of the 30 m-long boom and external factors such as wind and vibration, the component that actually places the brick stays perfectly still – allowing a high degree of accuracy.
|What types of bricks can the Hadrian X lay?|
The Hadrian X has been designed to handle a universal range of products up to 500mm x 250mm x 250mm in size.
|How does the Hadrian X machine work?|
Using bespoke software, we generate a 3D model of the home, feed the data into Hadrian X and the machine prints the structure course-by-course just like a 3D printer, including all cutting and routing of the bricks for electrical and plumbing services so the finished structure is ready for first fixing within days. No human hands need to touch a brick during the loading, cutting and laying process.
|Have doors, windows, lintels and other elements been considered?|
Yes, all these factors have been included in the Hadrian X machine and system. Door and window frames are lowered in from the top once the height has been reached, or fitted as split frames after the build process is complete. Completed walls will also have the channels routed to accept electrical wiring and plumbing which is completed in a dust and noise suppressed section of the machine prior to laying.
|What does the future look like for current bricklayers?|
This technology is the next evolution for bricklayers, enabling them to transition from laborious and unsafe practices to being machine operators and site quality supervisors providing a physically sustainable career path.
Fastbrick will endeavour to employ qualified bricklayers for site operations and we have built a network of current Bricklayers that will transition over to this method as the machines enter service. Bricklaying is not viewed as a popular career choice for 21st century school leavers and this was a major factor in the development of the technology.
|Will I be able to buy a machine?|
Fastbrick Robotics will be commissioning the first Hadrian X machines in Australia. The global demand for the machines would indicate that a number of different business models will be pursued to ensure that our Patented 3D automated construction system enters the mainstream in as many countries as possible. Further information about business opportunities will be released in due course.
|How well is the technology patented?|
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
Featured articles and news
The admissibility of evidence.
How many can you name? 37 anyone?
CIOB respond to the points-based system.
When is the weather considered 'exceptionally adverse'?
ECA backs call for a rolling programme of rail electrification.
What does 'curtilage' mean and why does it matter?
Our duty to prevent harm and protect each other.
A quality perspective.
If buildings were people, they would be just starting to walk on two legs.
Air filtration and clean air standards.
The Dukes of Normandy and the second world war.