Last edited 14 Dec 2020

Dutyholders in the construction industry


[edit] Introduction

In construction, a duty holder is any person who is appointed to be responsible for a specific aspect of a building or project. Their responsibility is usually to maintain an overall standard and quality that is conducive to good health and safety and quality of work. The duty holder therefore has a duty to their employers, their colleagues and ultimately the building users and passers-by.

They are key roles (whether fulfilled by individuals or organisations) that are assigned specific responsibilities at particular phases of the building life cycle.

[edit] CDM

The Construction (Design and Management) Regulations (CDM Regulations) are intended to ensure that health and safety issues are properly considered during a project’s development so that the risk of harm to those who have to build, use and maintain structures is reduced.

Under the CDM 2015 regulations, there are six defined duty holders who are charged with a commitment to the control of construction health and safety risk management.

[edit] Clients

Clients must make suitable arrangements for managing a project, including making sure that:

They must also make sure that:

[edit] Principal designers

These are designers appointed by the client on projects involving more than one contractor. They can be an organisation or an individual with sufficient knowledge, experience and ability to carry out the role. They must:

Plan, manage, monitor and coordinate health and safety in the pre-construction phase of a project. This includes:

Also, they must liaise with the principal contractor to help in the planning, management, monitoring and coordination of the construction phase.

[edit] Designers

These are organisations or individuals who, as part of a business, prepare or modify designs for a building, product or system relating to construction work. When preparing or modifying designs, they must eliminate, reduce or control foreseeable risks that may arise during:

Also, they must provide information to other members of the project team to help them fulfil their duties.

[edit] Principal contractor

These are contractors appointed by the client to coordinate the construction phase of a project where it involves more than one contractor. They must:

Plan, manage, monitor and coordinate health and safety in the construction phase of a project. This includes:

Also, they must ensure:

[edit] Contractors

These are contractors who carry out the actual construction work, and can be an individual or a company. They must plan, manage and monitor construction work under their control so it is carried out without risks to health and safety.

For projects involving more than one contractor, they must coordinate their activities with others in the project team – in particular, comply with directions given to them by the principal designer or principal contractor.

For single contractor projects, they must prepare a construction phase plan.

[edit] Workers

These are those working for or under the control of contractors on a construction site.

Workers must:

Duty holders generally co-operate with each other, co-ordinate and share information, and work together to achieve the best possible environment for health and safety.

[edit] Domestic clients

CDM 15 also has an extra category of dutyholder, that of ‘domestic clients’. Although within the scope of CDM 2015, their client duties are transferred to the contractor or the principal contractor, depending on whether it is a single or multiple contractor project. CDM 2015 adds that in any case, the domestic client can instead choose to have a written agreement with the principal designer to carry out the client duties.

For more information see: CDM

[edit] Other dutyholders

Other individuals may be considered to be a form of dutyholder. For example:

For more information see: Duty.

[edit] Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki

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