Last edited 29 Mar 2018

Localism Act


[edit] Introduction

The Localism Act sets out a series of measures intended to transfer power from central government to local authorities and local communities. It is intended ‘…to help people and their locally elected representatives to achieve their own ambitions.’

The Localism Act can be read in full (all 481 pages) on the Government's legislation site. A 22-page Plain English Guide to the Localism Act is also available.

Royal Assent for the Localism Act was announced on 15 November 2011. Different parts of the Act come into effect at different times, and further details are required for some aspects before they can be implemented (for example, the National Planning Policy Framework which was published in March 2012).

The act sets out new powers and duties in relation to:

[edit] Local authorities

  • The act frees local authorities to behave in ways other than those that the law specifically says they can, provided they do not break other laws and as long as they continue to comply with duties placed on them. Similar powers have been given to Fire and Rescue Authorities, Integrated Transport Authorities, Passenger Transport Executives, Combined Authorities and Economic Prosperity Boards.
  • It abolishes the Standards Board Regime in favour of local authorities drawing up their own codes,
  • It makes it a criminal offence for councillors to deliberately withhold or misrepresent a financial interest.
  • It makes it clear that councillors may play an active part in local discussions.
  • It gives local authorities more freedom to offer business rate discounts.
  • It establishes referendum in the largest cities outside London, to decide whether to have an elected mayor.
  • It gives greater powers to locally elected representatives for housing and regeneration in London.
  • It enables Ministers to transfer local public functions from central government and quangos to local authorities, combined authorities and economic prosperity boards.
  • It removes the ability for local authorities to charge households for overfilling their bins or to levy extra tariffs for removing household waste.
  • It requires councillors to vote on and to publish a statement of their pay policies.
  • It requires local authorities to hold a referendum if they intend to raise taxes above the limit set by the Secretary of State.
  • It requires local authorities to maintain a list of assets of community value which have been nominated by the local community.

[edit] Community rights

Community rights give communities greater powers to shape local developments and local services. They were introduced by the Localism Act and have developed to include:

See Community rights for more information.

[edit] Planning

NB: For additional information, see National Planning Policy Framework.

[edit] Housing

[edit] Criticisms

There are a number of concerns about the bill:

  • How will it be implemented?
  • What impact it will have in on the ground?
  • Will local authorities support its implementation?
  • Whether powers will be taken up by a small section of society, already used to wielding power.
  • Whether there is adequate guidance available to support community groups.
  • Whether there is adequate funding available to support community groups.
  • Where accountability for decision making will lie.
  • Whether the government will intervene if there are local difficulties.

[edit] Find out more

[edit] Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki

[edit] External references

  • The Localism Act.
  • Planning advisory service.
  • The Localism Act: An LGIU (Local Government Information Unit) Guide.
  • Localism in London, A report by the London Assembly planning committee published in November 2014.