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Last edited 05 Jun 2018
Planning Act 2008
The Act established the Infrastructure Planning Commission (IPC), a body that would make decisions based on new national policy statements. The Act made provision for the IPC to authorise major new infrastructure projects, such as airports, roads, harbours, energy facilities, and so on. In so doing, it removed the Secretary of State's ability to have the final say.
Development consent orders were introduced to simplify and speed up the process of obtaining panning permission for certain types of project, designated as Nationally Significant Infrastructure Projects.
Other changes introduced by the Act included:
- Appeals related to minor developments would be heard by a panel of local councillors, rather than a planning inspector.
- Section 206 of the Act gives ‘charging authorities’ (generally, the local planning authority) the power to charge the community infrastructure levy (CIL). It is a charge that local authorities can choose to impose on new developments to fund local infrastructure such as transport schemes, flood defences, green spaces, and so on. For more information, see Community infrastructure levy.
The Localism Act 2011, introduced by the coalition government, made several changes to the Planning Act 2008. Most significant of these was the replacement of the IPC with the Major Infrastructure Planning Unit of the Planning Inspectorate. It also returned the final decision-making powers to the Secretary of State.
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