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Last edited 06 Jan 2020
Acts of Parliament create a new law or change an existing law. An Act starts life as a Bill that is approved by both Houses of Parliament and is then given Royal Assent. The following are Acts of Parliament that constitute policy legislation:
SIs, also known as delegated, secondary or subordinate legislation, allow the UK government to alter or bring the provisions of an Act into force without needing Parliament to pass a new Act. For more information, see Statutory instruments.
Served as the foundation of the modern town and country planning system, establishing that planning permission was required for development, reorganising the planning authorities, and requiring the preparation of local development plans.
 Civic Amenities Act 1967
The Civic Amenities Act was ‘An Act to make further provision for the protection and improvement of buildings of architectural or historic interest and of the character of areas of such interest; for the preservation and planting of trees; and for the orderly disposal of disused vehicles and equipment and other rubbish.’
This Act superseded the 1947 Act and made several changes, principally dividing planning into forward planning and development control, i.e. setting out the future strategy of the local authority and controlling the current development.
 Environmental Protection Act 1990
This Act amended the Town and Country Planning Act 1990 by introducing the plan-led system. It also extended powers to acquire land that may be affected by carrying out public works and also, where applicable, to provide compensation.
 Environment Act 1995
This Act was intended to improve public access to the countryside and registered common land. It aimed to do this while also recognising the legitimate interests of owners/ and managers of the land concerned.
This Act was an important part of the government’s planning policy reforms intended to speed up the planning process and ensure that applications were dealt with more efficiently. It makes provisions relating to spatial development, planning and compulsory purchase and establishes sustainable development as a key objective of the planning system.
 Localism Act 2011
This Act set out a series of measures intended to transfer power from central government to local authorities and local communities. It intended ‘…to help people and their locally elected representatives to achieve their own ambitions.’
This Act aimed to cut the costs of undertaking business in Britain, which it was hoped would enhance consumer and business confidence and assist with job creation in the private sector. It was believed that small, medium and micro businesses would benefit in particular from the Act.
This Act set out a series of reforms intended to reduce the red tape the government considered hampers business investment, new infrastructure and job creation. It was hoped that this would help the UK recover from recession and allow it to compete more effectively on the global stage.
 Infrastructure Act 2015
This Act was introduced as part of what the then-Prime Minister David Cameron described as a “national crusade to get homes built”. It included new powers to overrule councils considered reluctant to build homes, and to enable Whitehall to engage with local communities directly to allocate land for new building and force housing schemes through the planning system.
 Key Building Regulations
- Construction (Design and management) regulations 2015
- Health and Safety work act 1974
- Public buildings:
- The equality Act 2010
- Regulatory reform (fire safety) order 2005
- Private Buildings:
- Approved Document B
- Fire engineer strategy to comply with British standards 9999
 Additional Planning Legislation
- Town and Country Planning act 1990
- Planning (listed building and conservation areas) act 1990
- Section 106 of the Town and country planning act 1990
- Community Infrastructure Levy regulations 2013
- TPO - Forestry Act 1967
- Conservation of Habitat and Species regulations 2010
- Party wall act 1996
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