Last edited 26 Oct 2020

Environmental Protection Act

The Environmental Protection Act 1990 is an Act of Parliament that implements the European Union Waste Framework Directive in England, Wales and Scotland. It defines the structure and authority for waste management and the control of emissions and strengthens controls and enforcement, with stricter penalties.

Prior to the implementation of the Act, separate environmental regulations had been in place for air, water and land pollution. The 1990 Act introduced an integrated scheme to achieve the ‘best practicable environmental options’ as well as providing a public right of access to information.

The Act is made up of the following parts:

An additional section (Part IIA) was inserted by the Environment Act 1995. This deals with contaminated land and defines a scheme of identification and compulsory remedial action.

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