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Last edited 15 Dec 2020
Countryside and Rights of Way Act 2000
The Countryside and Rights of Way Act 2000, also known as the CRoW Act, is a UK Act of Parliament that was intended to improve public access to the countryside and registered common land while recognising the legitimate interests of the owners or managers of the land concerned.
The Act implemented the ‘right to roam’ on certain areas of uncultivated land and upland in England and Wales, the extent of which was implemented gradually as new maps were produced. In addition to registered common land, the Act refers to ‘open access land’ or ‘mountain, moor, heath and down’.
- Buildings and their curtilage (e.g. courtyards).
- Land that is within 20 m of a dwelling.
- Parks and gardens.
- Land used for utility stations, quarries, mines, railways, tramways, golf courses, and so on.
- Land covered by Ministry of Defence by-laws (i.e. military training grounds).
Land covered by the Act can be developed subject to local planning authority approval. Natural England should be contacted if development plans are expected to affect land that is registered as a site of special scientific interest (SSSI).
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