- Project plans
- Project activities
- Legislation and standards
- Industry context
- Specialist wikis
Last edited 02 Dec 2020
Prior to her death in April 2016, Zaha Hadid's firm completed the D'Leedon complex in Singapore. The development comprises 7 residential towers, 12 semi-detached villas and integrated landscaping with recreation facilities.
Each of the seven towers taper inwards as they reach the ground to optimise public space with a unique petal-shaped layout which allows for windows on three sides of the apartments and cross-air flows to the living rooms and bedrooms as well as natural ventilation in all kitchens and bathrooms.
The generative floor plan of the petal changes shape along the height of the tower in relation to the different configuration and type of residential units. The changing composition of unit type enables the towers to respond to a series of parameters dictated by site conditions, internal organisation and structural optimisation.
An innovative concrete shuttering systems was developed to allow the construction of columns at varying angles. The balconies and the bay windows were pre-cast on site and craned to position to be bonded to the structure as the tower was climbing.
Double curved concrete façade panels were prefabricated from GRC off site, and used as permanent moulds giving a very high level of exterior finish to a complex geometry. The concrete was simply finished with render and white paint, leaving the floor structural joints marked. This simple surface treatment highlights the mass while providing the required level of consistency and quality of finishes that a high-end residential development demands.
Environmental considerations and the location along the equator determined the orientation of the towers along the East-West axis in order to optimise solar gain. Sustainable features were introduced to allow generation and re-use of energy on site and to minimise its consumption. The development was awarded Gold+ from Singapore's Building and Construction Authority (BCA) Green Mark Scheme for its design approach.
Images courtesy of Hufton + Crow.
Content courtesy of Zaha Hadid Architects
 Find out more
- 22 Bishopsgate.
- 600 Collins Street, Melbourne.
- Battersea Power Station.
- Development House, Shoreditch.
- Hertsmere House project.
- Kaplan North Masterplan Complex.
- Masaryk Railway Station regeneration.
- Millennium Mills.
- Mixed-use development.
- One Hyde Park.
- Port House, Antwerp.
- Salerno Maritime Terminal.
- Tebrau Waterfront Residences.
- The Mile.
- US embassy hotel plans.
- Vista Tower, Chicago.
- Zaha Hadid.
Featured articles and news
CIOB members recognised for public procurement.
Experts discuss the complex issues damaging the supply chain.
The co-founder of Get Kids into Survey discusses career paths for kids.
Report examines lack of detail in the Government's vision.
Our director Gregor Harvie hosts 4 webinars at the IHBC marketplace on Friday.
Look up construction terms on any website direct from your browser.
The revival of the public sphere in Toronto.
The story behind the copycat architecture craze.
Insight into construction materials supply and demand issues.
IHBC has announced winners of the 2020 honours.
Cement and concrete industry introduces measures to go beyond net zero.
UKGBC has introduced a resource to help with sustainability challenges.
Is it time to embrace EVs at last?
Plaster, glue and dye produce a highly decorative effect.