Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors RICS
The origins of the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (RICS) go back to 1792 when the Surveyors Club was formed. This was a response to the challenges posed by rapid industrialisation and the need for more stringent checks and balances to control development.
‘Surveyor’ is a very broad term that covers a wide range of disciplines and activities including the professional management of land, property, construction and engineering (see Surveyor for more information).
The Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors was created in 1868 and received a royal charter in 1881. The royal charter requires RICS to “promote the usefulness of the profession for the public advantage in the UK and in other parts of the world.”
Today RICS has more than 500 staff and 100,000 members globally. It has an annual turnover of more than £50m. Its members are able to use the designation FRICS (Fellow of RICS), MRICS (Member of RICS) or AssocRICS (Associate of RICS). A chartered surveyor is a surveyor who has passed an assessment of professional competence and has become a member of RICS. Members of RICS must abide by a code of core professional and ethical standards and must keep up to date with current practice through a programme of lifelong learning. The profession is self-regulated, but important changes to its constitution have to be ratified by the UK Government, through the Privy Council.
RICS states that it aims to:
- Regulate and promote the profession.
- Maintain the highest educational and professional standards.
- Protect clients and consumers through a strict code of ethics.
- Provide impartial advice, analysis and guidance.
Companies affiliated with RICS include:
- Building Cost Information Service Limited (an organisation that collects, collates, analyses, models and interprets cost information and makes it available through online applications, data licensing and publications, as well providing consultancy and research services).
- RICS Business Services Limited.
- RICS Holdings Ltd.
- RICS International Ltd.
- RICS Research Foundation.
- RICS Services Limited.
- The Association of Quantity Surveyors Limited.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- Black book.
- Code of measuring practice.
- Condition survey.
- Cost consultant.
- Development appraisal.
- National Housing Taskforce.
- New Rules of Measurement.
- Quantity surveyor.
- RICS Property Measurement.
- Site appraisals.
- Site selection and acquisition.
- Site surveys.
- Technical due diligence.
 External references
Featured articles and news
PCSAs enable clients to employ contractors before the main contract commences. Read our introductory article.
ICE 200 brings together transformative projects from the past 200 years - and the engineers behind them.
Dame Judith Hackitt hosts an industry summit to kick start the second phase of the review.
This article explains the Buildings Regulations completion certificate, what it is, and when its needed.
Graphene has many potential applications, but when will it start being used in civil engineering?
Increasing productivity – now more than ever as we lead up to Brexit – should be the sector’s number one priority in 2018.
Carillion's collapse causes Construction Leadership Council to delay the construction sector deal report.
Urban Heritage, Development and Sustainability: international frameworks, national and local guidance.
What will the General Data Protection Regulations (GDPR) mean for you when they come into force in May?
Business Secretary chairs a new taskforce to monitor and advise on mitigating the impacts of Carillion’s liquidation.
Sir John Armitt is appointed the new chair of the National Infrastructure Commission.
High quality and high density homes - is it what we need or is it storing up trouble?