Last edited 01 Jul 2021

Royal Institute of British Architects RIBA


[edit] History

The Institute of British Architects was founded in 1834 for ‘…the general advancement of Civil Architecture, and for promoting and facilitating the acquirement of the knowledge of the various arts and sciences connected therewith…’. It became the Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) in 1837 when it was awarded a Royal Charter.

In 1904, the RIBA established a Board of Architectural Education to develop a system for the recognition of architectural schools.

The RIBA has been based at 66 Portland Place in London since 1934. There are now more than 28,000 chartered members of the RIBA.

[edit] Governance

The RIBA President is elected for a two-year term by RIBA members. The current President is Alan Jones.

The RIBA Council is responsible for the conduct and development of the institute. It has 60 members, the majority of whom are chartered architects. The RIBA Board is responsible for directing the overall business of the RIBA and co-ordinates the operations of subsidiary companies.

RIBA Enterprises Ltd. is owned by the RIBA and operates to make a profit for the benefit of RIBA members. RIBA Enterprises trades as NBS which produces the National Building Specification, the Construction Information Service (in collaboration with IHS), and since 2005 has been publisher of the building regulations approved documents for England and Wales. In June 2018, The RIBA and LDC, the private equity arm of Lloyds Banking Group, agreed a partnership to support the future growth of RIBA Enterprises Ltd with LDC investing £31.8m for a significant minority shareholding in NBS. Ref

[edit] RIBA and ARB

The title 'architect' is protected by law, however, rather confusingly, it is not regulated by the RIBA, but by the Architect’s Registration Board (ARB),(previously the Architects Registration Council ARCUK). Architects must register with the ARB. They may choose to become members of RIBA, but not all do.

The ARB was established by Parliament in 1997. Its responsibilities are set out in the Architects Act 1997 and include:

These are responsibilities that many members of the public assume are held by the RIBA, and this position is considered unsatisfactory by the RIBA.

The RIBA does validate programmes at UK schools of architecture, but the validation criteria are jointly held by the RIBA and the ARB, and Section 4 of the Architects Act gives the ARB the statutory responsibility to prescribe the qualifications that are needed to become an architect.

The RIBA maintains a Code of Conduct for its members, as does the ARB.

In March 2014, Stephen Williams, Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government announced a Periodic Review of the Architects Registration Board (ref. DCLG Periodic Review of the Architects Registration Board).

[edit] Qualification

The standard route for qualifying as an architect is a combination of academic studies at a university and practical experience. This involves training for five years at a validated school of architecture and a minimum of two years experience, followed by a final qualification exam and professional interview.

Standard 6 of the ARB Code of conduct states that ‘Architects should maintain their professional service and competence in areas relevant to their professional work, and discharge the requirements of any engagement with commensurate knowledge and attention. The fact that an Architect has not maintained their professional competence may count against them in the event of that competence having to be investigated.’

The ARB state that, ‘if you are a member of the RIBA, and you comply with their CPD requirements (or those of another appropriate professional body) you are likely to satisfy the Board.' The RIBA require that members do at least 35 hours of continuing professional development every year.

In addition, architects are required to maintain adequate and appropriate professional indemnity insurance.

[edit] RIBA Plan of Work

The RIBA publishes a ‘plan of work’ that describes the stages necessary to complete the design and construction of a building. These stages are sometimes taken as the basis for stage payments.

The definition of these stages was changed in 2013 to:

There is also a BIM overlay and a sustainability overlay for the plan of work, but these do not seem to have been updated to reflect the 2013 work stage definitions.

See also: RIBA Plan of Work for Fire Safety.

[edit] Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki


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