- Project plans
- Project activities
- Legislation and standards
- Industry context
Last edited 27 Mar 2017
Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design LEED
Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) is a voluntary environmental certification system developed by the U.S. Green Building Council in 2000. It covers design, construction, operation and maintenance. It is a competitor to the BREEAM environmental assessment method developed in the UK.
Separate LEED rating systems are available for:
- New construction.
- Existing buildings: operations and maintenance.
- Commercial interiors.
- Core and shell.
- Neighbourhood development.
Where a mixed construction is used, a particular system must be adopted if more than 60% of the gross floor area is suitable for that system. If less than 40% is suitable, then that system should not be used, and if between 40 and 60% is suitable, adoption of that system is at the project teams discretion.
Projects are assessed against a range of categories:
- Sustainable sites.
- Water efficiency.
- Energy and atmosphere.
- Materials and resources.
- Indoor environmental quality.
- Locations and linkages (relating to transport and access to open space).
- Awareness and education.
- Innovation in design.
- Regional priority (relating to local issues and priorities).
These categories are given credits which are then weighted, resulting in an overall score. Projects are then are rated as platinum, gold, silver or certified.
Documents demonstrating compliance with the appropriate system are submitted to the Green Building Certification Institute (GBCI) which provides third party verification of compliance.
As with other assessment methods, there has been shown to be some disparity between predicted performance and actual performance in use. There are also concerns that adopting LEED can increase the capital cost of a project (although whole-life costs may be reduced), and that LEED does not properly take into account local environmental conditions.
The latest version is LEED v4 which includes new market sector adaptations, a new online platform and updated credentials.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- Code for Sustainable Homes.
- Common Minimum Standards.
- Energy targets.
- Government Construction Strategy.
- Green rating systems.
- National Planning Policy Framework.
- Performance in use.
- Ska rating.
- WELL Building Standard.
- Whole-life costs.
- Window Energy Rating.
- Zero Bills Home.
- Zero-carbon homes.
- Zero-carbon non-domestic buildings.
 External references
Featured articles and news
Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners' release new images of soon-to-open 3WTC tower in New York.
A document can be called a bond or a guarantee. Does the name matter and what is the difference between them?
New briefing note is launched focusing on increasing knowledge of housing that promotes health and wellbeing.
Arbitration is a private, contractual form of dispute resolution used in the construction industry.
The European Parliament has approved a revised Energy Performance of Buildings directive.
One in six MPs supports the ring-fencing of retentions as proposed in the 'Aldous Bill'.
A stakeholder is anyone who has an interest in the process or outcome of a construction project.
BRE launches online self-assessment tool for ethical labour sourcing.
Tower refurbishment failed to meet safety standards on several counts, according to leaked report.
It may seem obvious but what does the term 'structure' refer to within a built environment context?
Carillion's liabilities could be much higher than previously thought, according to Receiver.