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Last edited 27 Jan 2022
Building Automation and Control System BACS
The term 'Building Automation and Control System' (BACS) refers to centralised systems that monitor, control, and record the functions of building services systems. Building facilities that are monitored and controlled by a reliable BACS tend to maintain the building environment more efficiently and so reduce the building's environmental impact and energy costs.
- Maintain control of the building's environment.
- Operate systems according to occupancy and energy demand.
- Monitor and correct the performance of systems.
- Sound alerts as required.
- Mechanical systems.
- Electrical systems.
- Heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC).
- Lighting control.
- Security and surveillance.
There is growing overlap between the concepts of BACS and the need to learn from the accumulated data to operate buildings more efficiently. Increasingly this includes technologies such as the internet of things to become smart buildings.
The basic components of a BACS are:
- Sensors: Measure values such as temperature, humidity, lighting levels, room occupancy, and so on.
- Controllers: Instigate the system's response from the collected data, using algorithms that apply logic and send commands.
- Output devices: Carry out commands from the controller.
- Communications protocol: The 'language' used by the BACS components.
- Dashboard: The user interface for data reporting and interaction with the BACS system.
There are a number of similar terms that can be used to refer to building automation, such as Building Management System (BMS), Building Control System (BCS) and Building Automation System (BAS). However, BACS is the standard term as defined by EN ISO 16484-2:2004 Building automation and control systems (BACS) -- Part 2: Hardware, 3.31.
The phrase Building Energy Management Systems (BEMS) is sometimes used interchangeably with BACS, however, BEMS deal specifically with energy consumption, metering, and so on. It is generally considered though that there is sufficient overlap between the two that they can be used interchangeably.
- Air conditioning.
- Artificial intelligence.
- Artificial intelligence in buildings.
- BACS building automation controls - the information revolution.
- BS EN 15232 Energy performance of buildings: impact of building automation, controls and building management.
- BSRIA announces 2021 European HVAC field device study.
- BSRIA study shows uptake of convergence and IoT in commercial buildings.
- BSRIA study: The market for European Field Devices.
- BSRIA World Building Automation and Control Systems 2022.
- Building energy efficiency - is building automation the answer?
- Building energy management systems BEMS.
- Building management systems.
- Building services.
- Commercial building automation market.
- Cyber threats to building automation and control systems.
- Edge devices.
- European BACS Market 2019 - 2024.
- Energy management and building controls.
- Global BACS market resilience.
- Global building energy management systems market.
- Internet of things.
- Internet of things in commercial buildings.
- Mechanical, electrical and plumbing MEP.
- Parking reservation systems.
- Plant room.
- Smart buildings.
- US Smart Connected HVAC in Commercial Buildings Study 2017.
- Wireless vs wired building energy management system.
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