Last edited 06 Jan 2021

Indian infrastructure

The Indian economy is booming, with rates of Gross Domestic Product growth exceeding 8% every year since 2004. The infrastructure sector is a key driver for the Indian economy, responsible for driving the overall development of India and experiencing strong attention from the government. The Indian infrastructure sector is poised to take a big leap forward and presents several investment opportunities.

India needs more than USD 1.5 trillion in investment during the coming 10 years to bridge the infrastructure gap as the government aims to connect 700 thousand villages with roads by 2019 as part of a massive modernisation plan. Key segments in the Indian infrastructure market include; residential/non-residential construction, energy and utility infrastructure, transport infrastructure and others.

The India infrastructure market was valued at USD 1,365.6 billion in 2015 and is expected to reach USD 2,552.4 billion in 2021, growing at a CAGR of 12.1%.

In 2015, the transport sector emerged as a prominent segment of Indian infrastructure market with 28% share of the overall market. Transport infrastructure includes road, railway, inland water transport, sea and coastal transport and air transport infrastructure.

An efficient, reliable, and safe transport system is vital for fostering rapid economic growth. In recent years, economic liberalisation has driven demand for economic growth. A rapidly growing middle-class, the needs of domestic and international trade, the large-scale mobility of the working population and growing demographic pressures have fuelled further demand for transport.

Technological upgrade is needed in traffic control systems. With the increase in traffic, the development of non-Metro Airports will be taken up at the accelerated pace through private sector participation. The Indian power sector has an investment potential of USD 250 billion in the next 4 to 5 years, providing immense opportunities for power generation, distribution, transmission, and equipment.

Investments in ports, railways, pipelines and power transmission are urgently needed to attract energy sector investments and to enable efficient energy choices.

Key industry participants in the Indian infrastructure market include Larsen & Toubro, Gammon India, and Reliance Infrastructure among others.

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