Last edited 16 Jun 2021

ISO 22341:2021

The junction between Whitehall and Downing Street incorporates security measures that allow only restricted access.


[edit] Introduction

The International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO) is an independent organisation responsible for the production of voluntary international standards. The main products developed by ISO are international standards that set out requirements, guidance, specifications and characteristics that ensure consistency of materials, products, services and processes.

[edit] BS ISO 22341:2021

ISO 2234:2020 Security and resilience — Protective security — Guidelines for crime prevention through environmental design was published in January 2021. The purpose of this standard is to provide guidelines to organisations for establishing the basic elements, strategies and processes for preventing and reducing crime (and the fear of crime) at a new or existing built environment.


It recommends the establishment of countermeasures and actions to treat crime and security risks in an effective and efficient manner by leveraging environmental design. For the purposes of the standard, environmental design refers to the applied arts and sciences dealing with creating the human-designed environment.

This standard is intended to promote a common understanding of crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED) and its proactive preventive measures implemented through environmental design and management. CPTED is an initiative that can be applied to the built environment to create safer neighbourhoods. It is also thought to promote and improve public health, quality of life and sustainability.

[edit] CPTED background

The origins of CPTED can be traced back to early human settlements. It became more prevalent in America around 1960, during a time of urban renewal and social change. More formalised CPTED concepts were adopted in the 1970s. The term CPTED was officially introduced in 1971 by the criminologist C. Ray Jeffery in his article, Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design.

CPTED concepts originated from criminology and crime opportunity theories and studies. Since its introduction, it has been included as part of many other crime prevention strategies in modern urban planning.

It has a theoretical foundation based on firm evidence of significant crime and fear reduction gained from a series of evaluations in the field of environmental psychology, criminology and crime science. For example, an examination of criminal behaviour demonstrated that choices made by the criminal were more influenced by risk (specifically, the risk of being seen and arrested) rather than access, reward or even punishment. Consistent with this research, CPTED based strategies emphasise enhancing the perceived risk of detection and apprehension.

[edit] Applying ISO 22341:2021

While there are many different sources of guidance in existence, ISO 22341:2021 is the first international standard to touch upon this area. It examines the application of CPTED practices for all kinds of sites, including residential areas, commercial areas, industrial sites, educational institutions, community parks and so on.

The standard examines the basics of CPTED through its historical background and looks at four key considerations:

[edit] Types of CPTED

The overall purpose of CPTED is to incorporate positive design elements into the physical environment in a manner that can manage and ideally minimise criminal behaviour. According to the National Crime Prevention Council (NCPC), the theory of CPTED is based on four principles:

ISO 22341 was developed by ISO technical committee ISO/TC 292, Security and resilience, whose secretariat is held by SIS, ISO’s member for Sweden. It is available from the ISO Store.

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[edit] External resources

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