Last edited 06 Jan 2016

International Organisation for Standardisation ISO

Contents

[edit] Introduction

The International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO) is an independent organisation responsible for the production of voluntary international standards. ISO have 165 member countries with a Central Secretariat based in Geneva. The name ISO is derived from the Greek ‘isos’ which means equal.

[edit] History

ISO was formed in 1947 with 67 technical expert groups and in 1949 moved into offices in Geneva with 5 members of staff. The first standard was produced in 1951, ISO/R 1:1951 Standard reference temperature for industrial length measurements.

[edit] Members

There are over 165 members of ISO with one member representing each country. Members are the standards organisations within their country, it is not possible for an individual or a company to become a member.

ISO offers three different levels of membership:

  • Full members (or member bodies) – have powers to influence the development of standards and can sell ISO standards nationally.
  • Correspondent members – observe the development of standards and can sell ISO standards nationally.
  • Subscriber members – are kept informed about the development of standards but cannot participate and do not sell standards nationally.

[edit] Documents

The main products produced by ISO are the international standards and over 19,500 standards have been produced covering a wide variety of industries. Technical reports, technical specifications and other guides are also produced by ISO.

The standards are documents that provide requirements, guidance, specifications or characteristics that are used to ensure consistency of materials, products, services and processes.

Examples of the standards that have been produced include:

The standards provide consumers with confidence that they are reliable, safe and of good quality. They can assist governments when formulating policies and regulations, and businesses can be assisted in ensuring they operate in an efficient and productive manner.

[edit] Partners

ISO work alongside the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) and International Telecommunication Union (ITU). The three organisations joined to form the World Standards Cooperation to enhance the standards systems of the separate groups.

[edit] Funding

The members of ISO pay a subscription and additional revenue is generated for the organisation through the sale of the standards.

[edit] ISO Strategic plan 2011 – 2015

ISO have produced a strategic plan for 2011 to 2015 and the global vision for the organisation is:

“To be the world’s leading provider of high quality, globally relevant International Standards through its members and stakeholders”.

[edit] Find out more

[edit] Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki.

[edit] External references