Hulhumale - the city of hope
In February 2018, HDC (the Housing Development Corporation of the Maldives, the state-owned master developer of the new island city of Hulhumale) contacted the BRE regarding our potential involvement in assessing future developments there. A small delegation from BREEAM have returned from talks regarding further co-operation with HDC on this ambitious project.
Known mainly as a luxurious holiday destination for its white sands and turquoise waters, the Maldives is an island nation with thousands of years of history. An ancient trading hub between the Middle East, Asia and Africa, it’s culture and language are a blend of the civilisations that have landed on its shores. Beneath the seas, it also boasts one of the most diverse marine ecosystems in the world.
It is also a nation threatened by climate change. Over 80% of the country lies less than a metre above sea level – making it one of the most vulnerable countries in the world to rising sea levels [i], and rising sea temperatures continue to threaten its coral reefs and the rich ecosystems that depend on them.[ii]
Tourism forms the backbone of the economy, but the needs of luxury resorts and their guests puts pressure on a country with very few natural resources and one already dependent on imports. Although resort operators are mandated to provide their own power, sewage treatment and desalination, in a country known for its abundant sun, much of the country is still powered by industrial-scale diesel generators.[iii]
To address some of these issues in 1997 the government began the reclamation of a lagoon adjacent to Male. Deep sea dredgers poured millions of tons of sand onto the volcanic bed rock that would eventually form Hulhumale. Placed 2 m above sea level, it is designed to withstand the threat of rising sea levels.
Construction of Phase 1 is now nearly complete and will eventually become a community of 80,000 living in a master-planned city. Retail, education, community and leisure facilities are already creating a thriving society. Work on Phase 2 continues apace – with reclamation completed in only 77 days [iv], the first high density housing is now being constructed and this phase is set to become a focus for government, tourism and commerce.
Once complete, the City of Hope will accommodate 240,000 people, easing the significant population pressure in Male, giving two thirds of the country’s population access to new opportunities… and perhaps a sanctuary from the worst effects of climate change.
- Planning and zoning regulations are regularly challenged by developers (accustomed to building right to the boundary of parcels of land), keen to maximise their financial gain.
- Holistic awareness of sustainability within the construction industry remains limited, and the focus remains on minimising capital cost.
- Establishing BREEAM where few standards exist for the minimum performance of buildings sets a high bar for new developments.
BRE's conversation with HDC continues. A follow-up tele-conference between HDC and the Strategic Advisory, BREEAM Communities and BREEAM International teams point towards the possibility for several potential solutions that together could address many of the challenges facing the sustainable development of Hulhumale:
- Discussions are taking place regarding the potential assessment of Phase 2 of Hulhumale under BREEAM Communities.
- The BREEAM International team will be providing support for the assessment of HDC’s first non-domestic BREEAM developments.
- The Strategic Advisory team, who have previously worked with the Brazilian government for the development of a social housing sustainability toolkit may have the opportunity to develop a tailor-made solution for social housing in the Maldivian context.
It is too early to tell what impact will be made, but BRE's hope is that one day the Maldives will gain international recognition not only for its natural beauty, but also for its sustainable built environment.
For more information on Hulhumale, visit hdc.com.mv/hulhumale/
- [i] https://www.climatehotmap.org/global-warming-locations/republic-of-maldives.html
- [ii] https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2016/jun/01/coral-bleaching-spreads-to-maldives-devastating-spectacular-reefs
- [iii] http://www.environment.gov.mv/v2/en/news/6790
- [iv] https://hdc.com.mv/hulhumale/
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
Issue support documents
|These are Multiple Author Articles - click on them and add to them today. It's easy.|
You can also add to General Multiple Author Articles here.
Issue support documents are written for named BREEAM Issues or sub-issues. More info. (ac) = awaiting content.
|Thanks to our Knowledge Sharing Ambassadors for a lot of this content|
- BREEAM Sustainability champion
- BREEAM Environmental management
- BREEAM Considerate construction
- BREEAM Monitoring of construction site impacts
- BREEAM Aftercare support
- BREEAM Seasonal commissioning
- BREEAM Testing and inspecting building fabric
- BREEAM Life cycle cost and service life planning
- BREEAM Stakeholder consultation (ac)
- BREEAM Commissioning (ac)
- BREEAM Handover (ac)
- BREEAM Inclusive and accessible design (ac)
- BREEAM Post occupancy evaluation
 Health and Wellbeing
- BREEAM Visual comfort Daylighting (partly ac)
- BREEAM Visual comfort View out
- BREEAM Visual comfort Glare control
- BREEAM Indoor air quality plan
- BREEAM Indoor air quality Ventilation
- BREEAM Thermal comfort
- BREEAM Internal and external lighting (ac)
- BREEAM Indoor pollutants VOCs (ac)
- BREEAM Potential for natural ventilation (ac)
- BREEAM Safe containment in laboratories (ac)
- BREEAM Acoustic performance
- BREEAM Safety and security (ac)
- BREEAM Reduction of energy use and carbon emissions
- BREEAM Energy monitoring
- BREEAM External lighting
- BREEAM Low carbon design
- BREEAM Passive design
- BREEAM Free cooling
- BREEAM LZC technologies
- BREEAM Energy efficient cold storage (partly ac)
- BREEAM Energy efficient transportation systems
- BREEAM Energy efficient laboratory systems
- BREEAM Energy efficient equipment (partly ac)
- BREEAM Drying space
- BREEAM Transport assessment and travel plan
- BREEAM Public transport accessibility
- BREEAM Sustainable transport measures
- BREEAM Proximity to amenities
- BREEAM Cyclist facilities
- BREEAM Alternative modes of transport (ac)
- BREEAM Maximum car parking capacity
- BREEAM Travel plan
- BREEAM Home office (ac)
- BREEAM Water consumption
- BREEAM Water efficient equipment
- BREEAM Water monitoring
- BREEAM Water leak detection (ac)
- BREEAM Hard landscaping and boundary protection
- BREEAM Responsible sourcing of materials
- BREEAM Insulation
- BREEAM Designing for durability and resilience
- BREEAM Life cycle impacts
- BREEAM Material efficiency (ac)
- BREEAM Construction waste management
- BREEAM Recycled aggregates
- BREEAM Speculative floor & ceiling finishes
- BREEAM Adaptation to climate change
- BREEAM Operational waste
- BREEAM Functional adaptability (ac)
 Land Use and Ecology
- BREEAM Site Selection
- BREEAM Ecological value of site
- BREEAM Protection of ecological features
- BREEAM Minimising impact on existing site ecology
- BREEAM Enhancing site ecology
- BREEAM Long term impact on biodiversity (ac)
- BREEAM Impact of refrigerants
- BREEAM NOx emissions
- BREEAM Flood risk management (ac)
- BREEAM Surface water run-off (ac)
- BREEAM Reduction of night time light pollution (partly ac)
- BREEAM Reduction of noise pollution
Once an ISD has been initially created the '(ac)' marker can be removed
This particular index is based around the structure of the New Construction and RFO schemes.